Philinopsis miqueli

Philinopsis miqueli Pelorce, Horst & Hoarau, 2013

Philinopsis miqueli by Enric Madrenas
Class: Gastropoda  Cuvier, 1797
Subclass: Heterobranchia  J.E. Gray, 1840
Clade: Euthyneura  Spengel, 1881
Clade: Euopisthobranchia  Jörger et al., 2010
Clade: Cephalaspidea  P. Fischer, 1883
Superfamily: Philinoidea  J.E. Gray, 1850
Family: Aglajidae  Pilsbry, 1895 (1847)
Genus: Philinopsis  Pease, 1860
Species: Philinopsis miqueli  Pelorce, Horst & Hoarau, 2013

Taxonomic note: Originally published in many websites as Philine aperta (Linnaeus, 1767), it has changed to Philinopsis miqueli Pelorce, Horst & Hoarau, 2013. Both species are differentiated by their geographical area, P.miqueli is Mediterranean while P.aperta is located in South Africa (Price, Gosliner Valdés 2011). P.miqueli can also be confused with Philine quadripartita but physically Philine is larger (up to 70mm against 13mm for P.miqueli), it has the body of trapezoidal shape rather than cylindrical, the edge of the parapodia is not coloured bright white and the parapodia are separated from the body.




  • Philinopsis. From Latin, means “similar to Philine“, where Philine is another genus of Cephalaspideans.
  • Miqueli. Dedicated to Jean-Pierre Miquel, diver, photographer and collector, who was involved in the scientific description of the species, providing the type material and also obtained the inner shell.

This species lives in the western Mediterranean. It is known and photographed along the Spanish coast, in Malta and in the Adriatic.

Known georeferenced records of the species: Philinopsis miqueli (z-200).
: GROC 2010-2011 : VIMAR
: Enric Madrenas : Manuel Ballesteros.
: João Pedro Silva : M@re Nostrum
: Bernard Picton : Other sources
: GBIF.ORG : Marine Regions

References for the species: Philinopsis miqueli

    We have not yet published references for Iberian coasts of: Philinopsis miqueli.


        Western Mediterranean:1. Stars
        Eastern Mediterranean:2. Stars
        Atlantic Ocean:0 Stars
This chart displays the observation probability for Philinopsis miqueli
based on our own records.

More pictures


Bibliography based on the works by Steve Long, 2006. Bibliography of Opisthobranchia 1554-2000 and Gary McDonald, 2009. Bibliographia Nudibranchia, with later updates from other resources.

Further reading

Cite this article as:

Ballesteros, Manuel, Enric Madrenas, Miquel Pontes et al. (2012-2017) "Philinopsis miqueli" in OPK-Opistobranquis, Published: 10/09/2013, Accessed: 22/09/2017 at (

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