Pneumoderma violaceum

Pneumoderma violaceum d’Orbigny, 1834

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Class: Gastropoda Cuvier, 1797
Subclass: Heterobranchia J.E. Gray, 1840
Clade: Euthyneura Spengel, 1881
Clade: Euopisthobranchia Jörger et al., 2010
Clade: Gymnosomata de Blainville, 1824
Family: Pneumodermatidae Latreille, 1825
Genus: Pneumoderma de Roissy, 1805
Species: Pneumoderma violaceum d’Orbigny, 1834


  • Cirrifer paradoxus Pfeffer, 1879
  • Pneumoderma atlanticum (Oken, 1815)
  • Pneumoderma atlanticum pacificum Dall, 1871
  • Pneumoderma atlanticum var. bonnevii van der Spoel, 1972
  • Pneumoderma boasi Pelseneer, 1905
  • Pneumoderma eurycotylum Meisenheimer, 1905
  • Pneumoderma pacificum Dall, 1871
  • Pneumoderma peronii Cuvier, 1816
  • Pneumoderma pygmaeum Tesch, 1903
  • Pneumoderma souleyeti Pelseneer, 1887
  • Pneumoderma violaceum pacificum Dall, 1871
  • Pneumodermis atlanticus Oken, 1815




  • Pneumoderma, from Greek “pneumein”, breathe + “derma”, skin.
  • Violaceum, from Latin “violaceus”, dark blue or purple.


Known georeferenced records of the species: Pneumoderma violaceum
: GROC 2010-2011
: Enric Madrenas
: João Pedro Silva
: Bernard Picton
: Manuel Ballesteros.
: M@re Nostrum
: Altres fonts
: Marine Regions

References for the species: Pneumoderma violaceum

    Galicia: Vayssière (1902) as Pneumoderma atlanticum. Levante: Pruvot-Fol (1924) as Pneumoderma atlanticum. Catalunya: Pruvot-Fol (1924, citada como P. atlanticum). Baleares: Pruvot-Fol (1924) as Pneumoderma atlanticum. Canarias: Odhner (1931) as Pneumoderma atlanticum, Ortea et al. (2001), Moro et al. (2003).

    Sources: Cervera et al., 2004, Ballesteros, 2007, McDonald, 2006 and other sources.


    Western Mediterranean:
    Eastern Mediterranean:
    Atlantic Ocean:

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This chart displays the observation probability for Pneumoderma violaceum based on our own records.

More pictures

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Further reading

Cite this article as:

Ballesteros, Manuel, Enric Madrenas, Miquel Pontes et al. (2012-2017) "Pneumoderma violaceum" in OPK-Opistobranquis, Published: 14/03/2013, Accessed: 24/11/2017 at (

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