Facelinopsis marioni (Vayssière, 1888)
Facelinopsis marioni by Enric MadrenasTaxonomy
Class: Gastropoda Cuvier, 1797
Subclass: Heterobranchia J.E. Gray, 1840
Clade: Euthyneura Spengel, 1881
Clade: Nudipleura Wägele & Willan, 2000
Order: Nudibranchia Cuvier, 1817
Suborder: Dexiarchia Schrödl, Wägele & Willan, 2001
Infraorder: Cladobranchia Willan & Morton, 1984
Parvorder: Aeolidida Odhner, 1934
Superfamily: Aeolidioidea J.E. Gray, 1827
Family: Facelinidae Bergh, 1889
Genus: Facelinopsis Pruvot-Vol, 1954
Species: Facelinopsis marioni (Vayssière, 1888) [Facelina]
- Facelina marioni Vayssière, 1888
Specimens of this species reach about 10 mm in length. Almost the entire body is translucent with a pink hue. The dorsum is crossed by a white longitudinal line that reaches the end of the tail from the head. In front of the rhinophores there are often some small irregular white spots, which may also form a discontinuous line on both sides of the body, right below the insertion of the rhinophores. Oral palps are long and pink, with a white-pigmented tip. The rhinophores are also pink and have white tips, having about 8-10 lamellae in adults, although juveniles may lack them. There are 4-5 groups of cerata that remain fairly close together, almost without apparent separation but between the first and second group, where the peculiar genital papilla is located. The first two groups of cerata have 4-5 rows. The digestive gland inside the cerata is brown and the anterior surface of the cerata is white. Between the first and second group of cerata, on the right side, there is a curious structure that Vayssière, in his original description of 1888, already understood it was some kind of genital structure: it is the penial sheet, coloured pink, wide and festooned, with two digitations at their tips. The foot, also coloured pink, widens towards the front end, but without forming labial palps.
Although this is a species that is not a rare finding in well-lit rock surfaces with abundant algae, its biology and eating habits are almost unknown. It presumably feeds on hydrozoans as the other species of Facelinidae. Due to the shape of the penial sheet, observation of the reproductive behaviour of two individuals can be very interesting.
- Facelina: means “lined face”.
- “-opsis“: is a suffix referred to “small” or “tiny”. In this case Facelinopsis means “small Facelina” o “small lined face”, but we must state that , according to Perrier, suffix “-opsis” implies “similar to”.
- “marioni”: devoted to Antoine-Fortuné Marion, (1846-1900) a french zoologyst and curator of the Marseille’s Natural History Museum. “Nous sommes hereux de dédier à notre maître, le professeur Marion”, in “Recherches zoologiques et anatomiques sur les Mollusques opistobranches du golfe de Marseille Deuxième partie. Annales du Musée de Marseille. Tome III, 1886-1889. Marseille.”
This is a species whose distribution is limited to the western Mediterranean, having been cited in the coasts of Corsica and, in the Iberian Peninsula, in the Huelva coast, in the Strait of Gibraltar, on the Mediterranean coast of Andalusia and Catalonia (Costa Brava).
|: OBIS||: OPK|
|: GROC 2010-2011||: VIMAR|
|: Enric Madrenas||: Manuel Ballesteros.|
|: João Pedro Silva||: M@re Nostrum|
|: Bernard Picton||: Other sources|
|: GBIF.ORG||: Marine Regions|
References for the species: Facelinopsis marioni
Andalucía (Atl.): Megina (unpubl. data). Gibraltar: García-Gómez (1983, 2002), García-Gómez et al. (1989). Andalucía (Med.): Luque (1983, 1986), Ocaña et al. (2000). Catalunya: Ros (1975, 1978), Ballesteros (1980, 1985), Pereira (1980), Pereira & Ballesteros (1982), M@re Nostrum [La Foradada (Portbou) 10/1999, Cova del Tamariu (Roses) 10/1999, Els Ullastres (Llafranc) 7/1999, Es Xiribic (Palamós) 8/2000].General: Cattaneo-Vietti, Chemello, & Giannuzzi-Savelli, 1990:211[P]; Nordsieck, 1972:79; Pruvot-Fol, 1954b:394; Schmekel & Portmann, 1982:216; Vicente, 1967:157
Sources: Cervera et al., 2004, Ballesteros, 2007, McDonald, 2006 and other sources.
This chart displays the observation probability for Facelinopsis marioni
based on our own records.
Bibliography based on the works by Steve Long, 2006. Bibliography of Opisthobranchia 1554-2000 and Gary McDonald, 2009. Bibliographia Nudibranchia, with later updates from other resources.