Lomanotus genei Vérany, 1846
Lomanotus genei by Bernard PictonTaxonomy
Class: Gastropoda Cuvier, 1797
Subclass: Heterobranchia J.E. Gray, 1840
Clade: Euthyneura Spengel, 1881
Clade: Nudipleura Wägele & Willan, 2000
Order: Nudibranchia Cuvier, 1817
Suborder: Dexiarchia Schrödl, Wägele & Willan, 2001
Infraorder: Cladobranchia Willan and Morton, 1984
Parvorder: Dendronotida Odhner, 1934
Superfamily: Tritonioidea Lamarck, 1809
Family: Lomanotidae Bergh, 1890
Genus: Lomanotus Vérany, 1844
Species: Lomanotus genei Vérany, 1846
- Lomanotus berghi Graeffe, 1902
- Lomanotus eisigi Trinchese, 1883
- Lomanotus hancocki Norman, 1877
- Lomanotus portlandicus Thompson W., 1859
- Lomanotus varians Garstang, 1889
Adults often reach 60 mm in length although there is a report of a 94mm specimen. The body color is variable and could range from translucent white to red, but the most characteristic feature of this rare nudibranch are the pallial processes, similar to cerata, tipped in yellow, running along each side of the wavy mantle border. In juveniles these pallial processes are arranged separatedly, but in adults they are grouped forming a continuous strip around the wavy edge of the mantle. In the anterior part of the foot there are two pairs of tentacles. The rear end of the foot is colored opaque yellow. The genital papilla is located on the right side of the body, at the height of the rhinophores. These rhinophores are smooth on the first two thirds of its length while the terminal third are lamellated, being protected by rhinophoric sheaths whose edges have some yellow tipped protuberances, looking like petals, and give them a similar appearance to the other bodily processes. Juveniles of this species can be confused with similar species Lomanotus marmoratus, whose specimens are smaller in size, have a beige colored body and do not have yellow tipped body processes.
According to Thompson & Brown (1984) Lomanotus genei feeds on the branched hydrarian Nemertesia ramosa, which grows in coastal rocky areas at depths down to 90m. It has not been possible to establish a relationship between its food and the body color, so it is probably a genetic trait. Spawning takes place between March and mid-May, and consists of a string of pale yellow eggs, arranged irregularly around the branches of the hydrarian. This nudibranch can be parasitized, both internally and externally, by the copepod Lomanoticola insolens T. & A. Scott, 1895, which also parasitizes the similar species Lomanotus marmoratus. Under normal conditions it moves slowly but when threatened it can move with swimming movements produced by the lateral undulation of the body.
- Lomanotus. From Greek “Loma”= edge, fringe and “notus”= back; with reference to the undulating mantle edge.
- Genei. Dedicated to Carlo Giuseppe Gene (1800-1847), naturalist of the University of Pavia (Italy), who published works on entomology. Travelled to Hungary and Sardinia to collect insects.
This animal is found around the British Isles, on the French Atlantic coast and in the Mediterranean, where it is very rare and it has only been reported sporadically in Italy, Croatia and now also in Catalan waters in the Iberian Peninsula.
|: OBIS||: OPK|
|: GROC 2010-2011||: VIMAR|
|: Enric Madrenas||: Manuel Ballesteros.|
|: João Pedro Silva||: M@re Nostrum|
|: Bernard Picton||: Other sources|
|: GBIF.ORG||: Marine Regions|
References for the species: Lomanotus genei
- General: Bergh, 1879:555; 1882:66; Brown & Picton, 1979:4; Eliot, 1906c:350; 1910d:115[P]; Gamble, 1892:379; Garstang, 1890:425; Grieg,
1913a:7; Hayward, Wigham, & Yonow, 1990:709; Nordsieck, 1972:67; Picton & Morrow, 1994:32[P]; Pruvot-Fol, 1951:51; 1954b:364; Riedl, 1970:429; Sabelli, Giannuzzi-Savelli, & Bedulli, 1990:445; Schmekel, 1970:181; Schmekel & Portmann, 1982:152; Thompson, 1988:118; Thompson & Brown, 1984:18[P]; Vayssiere, 1901a:87; 1913a:264; Verany, 1846:22; 1846a:102; 1849:593; 1850:89; Walton, 1908:236
Sources: Cervera et al., 2004, Ballesteros, 2007, McDonald, 2006 and other sources.
This chart displays the observation probability for Lomanotus genei
based on our own records.
We have no (more) pictures for Lomanotus genei
Bibliography based on the works by Steve Long, 2006. Bibliography of Opisthobranchia 1554-2000 and Gary McDonald, 2009. Bibliographia Nudibranchia, with later updates from other resources.