Aegires sublaevis

Aegires sublaevis  Odhner, 1932

Aegires sublaevis 11mm @ Dwejra, Gozo, Malta 5m 29-07-1994 by Carmel Sammut
Taxonomy
Class: Gastropoda  Cuvier, 1797
Subclass: Heterobranchia  J.E. Gray, 1840
Clade: Euthyneura  Spengel, 1881
Clade: Nudipleura  Wägele & Willan, 2000
Order: Nudibranchia  Cuvier, 1817
Suborder: Euctenidiacea  Tardy, 1970
Infraorder: Doridacea  Thiele, 1931
Superfamily: Polyceroidea  Alder & Hancock, 1845
Family: Aegiretidae  P. Fischer, 1883
Genus: Aegires  Lovén, 1844
Species: Aegires sublaevis  Odhner, 1932

Description
Small dorid nudibranch with a maximum recorded length of 12 mm. The body is tough and rigid. The base colour of the body is white to yellowish, translucent. There are some brownish grey patches, each edged by a ring of the opaque background coloration more apparent in mature specimens. There is a low dorsal ridge that widens to the back of the body, forming a triple gill cover, and splitting to the front of the body besides the rhinophoral sheaths. The Atlantic specimens have a distinct lateral ridge or mantle edge on each side of the body. There are few stalked dorsal tubercules typical of other Aegires species, but there are some rounded bumps scattered over the dorsum. It has no cerata. There are two white smooth rhinophores. Specimens from the Atlantic and Mediterranean have one ring of dark pigment on the rhinophores whereas those from the Galápagos have two dark rings. There is a bilobed oral veil in the anterior part of the body, however there are no propodial nor oral tentacles. The foot is not colored nor has any appendages.

Biology
It is reported to feed on the sponge Clathrina coriacea (Ros, 1977 – Canary Islands) and Clathrina sp. (Thompson, 1981 – Bermuda) where its colour pattern, specifically the dark patches distributed throughout the body, match that of the sponge. This species is easy to distinguish from related species by its colouration and shape. It is considered uncommon.

Etymology

  • Aegires. From “Aegir”, god of the Sea in norse mythology.
  • Sublaevis. From latin “sub”, under, not quite + “laevis”, smooth. Not quite smooth.

Distribution
This species has been reported from the Mediterranean Sea (Schmekel and Portmann, 1982), the Canary Islands (Odhner 1932; Altimira and Ros 1979; Pérez Sánchez, Bacallado and Ortega 1991; Ortea et al. 1996), Panama (Meyer, 1977), Bermuda (Thompson 1981) and Guadalupe (Ortea et al. 2012). There is another report from the Galápagos Islands (Fahey & Gosliner, 2004) which represents the first record of this species from the Pacific, identical in every aspect to the Atlantic specimens but for a second rhinophoral ring.

Known georeferenced records of the species: Aegires sublaevis (z-200).
Sources:
: OBIS : OPK
: GROC 2010-2011 : VIMAR
: Enric Madrenas : Manuel Ballesteros.
: João Pedro Silva : M@re Nostrum
: Bernard Picton : Other sources
: GBIF.ORG : Marine Regions

Abundance

        Western Mediterranean:1 Stars
        Eastern Mediterranean:0 Stars
        Atlantic Ocean:1 Stars
This chart displays the observation probability for Aegires sublaevis
based on our own records.

More pictures

Bibliography

Bibliography based on the works by Steve Long, 2006. Bibliography of Opisthobranchia 1554-2000 and Gary McDonald, 2009. Bibliographia Nudibranchia, with later updates from other resources.

Further reading

Cite this article as:

Pontes, Miquel, Manuel Ballesteros, Enric Madrenas et al. (2012-2017) "Aegires sublaevis" in OPK-Opistobranquis, Published: 11/09/2014, Accessed: 24/03/2017 at (http://opistobranquis.info/en/Vwe6g)

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