Retusa truncatula

Retusa truncatula (Bruguière, 1792)

Retusa truncatula @ Croatia by Pero Ugarković

Taxonomy
 

Superdomain

Biota  

 

Kingdom

Animalia  

 

Phylum

Mollusca  

 

Class

Gastropoda  

 

Subclass

Heterobranchia  

 

Infraclass

Euthyneura  

 

Subterclass

Tectipleura  

 

Order

Cephalaspidea  

 

Superfamily

Bulloidea  

 

Family

Retusidae  

 

Genus

Retusa  

 

Species

Retusa truncatula  (Bruguière, 1792)

 
 Classification according to Bouchet et al. (2017)
Taxonomic source: World Register of Marine Species (AphiaID: 141138).
Synonyms

  • Bulla mammillata Philippi, 1836
  • Bulla pellucida Brown, 1827
  • Bulla retusa Maton & Rackett, 1807
  • Bulla semisulcata Philippi, 1836
  • Bulla truncata Adams J., 1800
  • Bulla truncatula Bruguière, 1792 (original)
  • Coleophysis effusa Monterosato, 1890
  • Cylichna mammillata Forbes & Hanley, 1850
  • Cylichna truncata Forbes & Hanley, 1850
  • Cylichna truncatella Locard, 1886
  • Retusa (Coleophysis) piriformis Nordsieck, 1972
  • Retusa carinensis de Gregorio, 1889
  • Retusa dilatata Pallary, 1904
  • Retusa dilatata var. minor Pallary, 1904
  • Retusa mamillata Pruvot-Fol, 1954
  • Retusa piriformis Nordsieck, 1972
  • Retusa retusa Winckworth, 1932
  • Retusa semisulcata (Philippi, 1836)
  • Tornatina mammillata Massy, 1930
  • Tornatina truncatula Massy, 1930
  • Utriculus mammillatus Jeffreys, 1867
  • Utriculus truncatulus Jeffreys, 1867

Description
The base colour of the body is white, and has a head shield indented anteriorly that forms two lobes directed backwards with no middle line. There are two pointed cephalic tentacles. There are no lateral extensions of the foot (parapodial lobes) nor an extension of the mantle under the snail (pallial lobe). Internal organs are not visible trough the shell. The eyes are visible. It has no radula. The foot is elongate, with rounded corners and indented anteriorly. The shell is small (up to 5mm), glossy, coloured white, translucent white or yellowish, with longitudinal striations. It is relatively thick, external, and usually with an elongate cylindrical shape. The opening is narrow, but extends for the length of the shell, and usually beyond its top. The top of the shell (apex) is sunken; in some specimens the apex may be truncated (shortened) or slightly extended out of the shell (mamillate). The shells are mostly umbilicated and have a pattern of prominent growth lines; however spiral grooves can be found in mamillate specimens. It has no operculum.

Biology
It lives buried in sand, muddy sand and on gravel from the intertidal zone down to depths of 300 m (Thompson, 1988; Høisæter, 2009). It feeds on small molluscs like Peringia ulvae, perhaps also on foraminiferans and small lamellibranchs.

Etymology

  • Retusa. From Latin “retusus”, blunt.
  • Truncatula. From Latin, means truncated.

Distribution
Quite common in the European fossile record, living specimens occur along the entire Norwegian coast, the British Isles, France and Spain Atlantic shores and to the Canary Islands, Madeira and Azores. Present across the Mediterranean Sea (Thompson, 1988; Brattegard & Holthe, 2001; Høisæter 2009) and the Black Sea. In Spain it is present in all the coasts, both Atlantic and Mediterranean. In Catalonia it is present in the fossile record at Ciurana, and living specimens have been found at Tossa de Mar, at Garraf and in the coasts of Tarragona. Because of its small size and living habits (it lives buried in sand) it has been commonly overlooked.

Known georeferenced records of the species: Retusa truncatula
Sources:
: OBIS
: GROC 2010-2011
: Enric Madrenas
: João Pedro Silva
: Bernard Picton
: GBIF.ORG
: OPK
: VIMAR
: Manuel Ballesteros.
: M@re Nostrum
: Altres fonts
: Marine Regions

References for the species: Retusa truncatula

    Baleares: Nordsieck (1978). Cantabria: Hidalgo (1917), Ortea (1975-76), Ortea (1977c), Flor et al. (1981), Flor, Llera and Ortea (1982), Borja (1987, as Cylichna semisulcata and R. truncatella). Galicia: Hidalgo (1917), Cadée (1968, as R. truncata), Rolán (1983, as R. semisulcata and R. truncatella), Urgorri and Besteiro (1983), Trigo and Otero (1987), Troncoso et al. (1988). Portugal: Hidalgo (1917), Nobre (1936), Nordsieck (1972), Saldanha (1974, as Acteocina truncatula), Burnay (1986), García-Gómez et al. (1991), Machado and Fonseca (1997, as R. cf. truncatella), Macedo, Macedo and Borges (1999). Andalucía (Atl.): Hidalgo (1917), Sánchez-Moyano et al. (2000, as R. truncatella). Gibraltar: Hidalgo (1917), Aartsen, Menkhorst and Gittenberger (1984), Rueda, Salas and Gofas (2000). Andalucía (Med.): Luque (1983, as R. semisulcata), Ballesteros et al. (1986), Salas and Hergueta (1986), Peñas et al. (in press). Levante: Hidalgo (1917, as R. semisulcata), Olmo and Ros (1984), Rubio and Ros (1984), Templado, Talavera and Murillo (1997), Templado et al. (2002), García Raso et al. (1992). Catalunya: De Sama (1916), Hidalgo (1917, citada como R. truncatella), Altimira (1975, 1976, citada como R. truncatella). Baleares: Hidalgo (1917, as R. semisulcata), Altimira (1972, also as R. semisulcata), Nordsieck (1972, as R. semisulcata and R. truncatella), Schröder (1978, as R. semisulcata), Luque and Templado (1981, as R. semisulcata), Ballesteros, Álvarez and Mateo (1986, also as R. semisulcata), Altaba (1993). Canarias: Nordsieck (1972), Nordsieck and García-Talavera (1979), Malaquias and Calado (1997), Malaquias (2000), Ortea et al. (2001, 2003), Moro et al. (2003). Madeira: Watson (1897, as Utriculus truncatulus), Nobre (1937, as Tornatina truncatula), Nordsieck (1972, as R. mariae), Nordsieck and García-Talavera (1979, as R. mariae), Malaquias et al. (2001). Azores: Dautzenberg (1889, both as Tornatina truncatula and Tornatina mariei n. sp.), Nordsieck (1972 as Retusa (Coleophysis) mariei), Nordsieck and García-Talavera (1979 as Retusa mariae), Mikkelsen (1995), Morton et al. (1998), Ávila et al. (1998), Ávila (2000), Malaquias (2001).

    Sources: Cervera et al., 2004, Ballesteros, 2007 & 2016, McDonald, 2006 and other sources.

Abundance

    Western Mediterranean:2 out of 5 stars
    Eastern Mediterranean:2 out of 5 stars
    Atlantic Ocean:2 out of 5 stars
Month

This chart displays the monthly observation probability for Retusa truncatula based on our own records.

More pictures

Bibliography

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Further reading

Cite this article as:

Ballesteros, Manuel, Enric Madrenas, Miquel Pontes (2021) "Retusa truncatula" in OPK-Opistobranquis. Published: 10/09/2014. Accessed: 06/05/2021. Available at (https://opistobranquis.info/en/yM5er)

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