Philine lima

Philine lima (Brown, 1827)

Philine lima @ Artsdatabanken - Cephalaspids of Norway by Lena Tina Ohnheiser

Class: Gastropoda  Cuvier, 1797
Subclass: Heterobranchia  J.E. Gray, 1840
Clade: Euthyneura  Spengel, 1881
Clade: Euopisthobranchia  Jörger et al., 2010
Clade: Cephalaspidea  P. Fischer, 1883
Superfamily: Philinoidea  J.E. Gray, 1850
Family: Philinidae  J.E. Gray, 1850
Genus: Philine  Ascanius, 1772
Species: Philine lima (Brown, 1827)


  • Bulla lima Brown, 1827 (original)
  • Bulla lineolata Couthouy, 1839
  • Bullaea punctata Møller, 1842
  • Philine frigida Knipowitsch, 1896
  • Retusophiline lima (Brown, 1827)
  • Utriculus lima Brown, 1827




  • Philine. Derived from the Greek word “philos” which means ‘friend’.
  • Lima. From Latin “lima”, file, scraper.

This species has a northern amphiatlantic distribution from Massachusetts over Greenland, Svalbard to Murman coast, White Sea, Kara Sea, Franz Joseph Land (Odhner, 1915). In Norway it is found northwards of the Lofoten (Høisæter et al., 2001) but on the continental slope as far south as Ålesund (Høisæter, 2009). Pilsbry (1895) quoted that Monterosato found this species in the Mediterranean Sea, however, given the distribution reported by other authors this seems unlikely and might come from a misidentification.

Known georeferenced records of the species: Philine lima
: GROC 2010-2011
: Enric Madrenas
: João Pedro Silva
: Bernard Picton
: Manuel Ballesteros.
: M@re Nostrum
: Altres fonts
: Marine Regions

References for the species: Philine lima

    Galicia: Rolán (1983, refers this species to Galicia Bank, bathyal as P. cf. lima). Azores: Dautzenberg (1889), Nordsieck (1972), Mikkelsen (1995), Malaquias (2001).

    Sources: Cervera et al., 2004, Ballesteros, 2007 & 2016, McDonald, 2006 and other sources.


    Western Mediterranean:
    Eastern Mediterranean:
    Atlantic Ocean:
This chart displays the observation probability for Philine lima based on our own records.

More pictures


Further reading

Cite this article as:

Ballesteros, Manuel, Enric Madrenas, Miquel Pontes (2012-2018) "Philine lima" in OPK-Opistobranquis, Published: 07/06/2015, Accessed: 20/01/2018 at (

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