Caloria indica

Caloria indica (Bergh, 1896)

Caloria indica by Yury Ivanov


  • Learchis indica Bergh, 1896 (original)
  • Phidiana indica (Bergh, 1896)




  • Indica. From Latin “indicus”, from India.

Alien species.

Known georeferenced records of the species: Caloria indica
: GROC 2010-2011
: Enric Madrenas
: João Pedro Silva
: Bernard Picton
: Manuel Ballesteros.
: M@re Nostrum
: Altres fonts
: Marine Regions


    Western Mediterranean: ☆☆☆☆☆
    Eastern Mediterranean: ☆☆☆☆☆
    Atlantic Ocean: ☆☆☆☆☆

This chart displays the monthly observation probability for Caloria indica based on our own records.

More pictures


    Ballesteros, M., E. Madrenas, and M. Pontes. 2023. OPK - Opistobranquis. (
    Bergh, L. S. R. 1896. Eolidiens d’Amboine. Voyage de Mm m Bedot et C. Pictet dans l’Archipel Malais. Revue Suisse de Zoologie et Annales de Musee d’Histoire Naturelle de Geneve 4:385- 394, pl 16.
    Bielecki, S., G. Cavignaux, J. M. Crouzet, and S. Grall. 2011. Des limaces de rêve.
    Gat, G. 1993. Flabellina rubrolineata (O’Donoghue) and Phidiana indica (Bergh) (Nudibranchia, Aeolidoidea), two new Lessepsian immigrants in the eastern Mediterranean. J. Molluscan Stud. 59(1):120.
    Gosliner, T. M. 1987. Nudibranchs of Southern Africa; A guide to Opisthobranchs Molluscs of Southern Africa. Sea Challengers and Jeff Hamann. Monterey, California, EEUU: 136 pp.
    Long, S. J. 2006. Bibliography of Opisthobranchia 1554-2000. Bayside Books & Press, Tustin, CA, U.S.A. 672p.
    McDonald, G. 2009. Bibliographia Nudibranchia. 2nd Online Edition, Annotated. 1072 pp  Institute of Marine Sciences, University of California, Santa Cruz. (
    Ono, A. 1999. Opisthobranchs of Kerama Islands. TBS Tokyo 184p.; 500+ photos.
    Rothman, B. S., H. K. Mienis, and B. S. Galil. 2017. Alien facelinid nudibranchs in the Eastern Mediterranean: first report of Phidiana militaris (Alder and Hancock, 1864) and report of Caloria indica (Bergh, 1896) 30 years after its previous sighting. BioInvasions Records, 6 (2): 125-128.
    Streftaris, N., A. Zenetos, and E. Papathanassiou. 2005. Globalisation in marine ecosystems: the story of non-indigenous marine species across European seas. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev. 43: 419-453.
    Templado, J., and R. Villanueva. 2010. Checklist of Phylum Mollusca. pp. 148-198 In Coll, M., et al., 2010. The biodiversity of the Mediterranean Sea: estimates, patterns, and threats. PLoS ONE 5(8):36pp.
    Trainito, E., and M. Doneddu. 2014. Nudibranchi del Mediterraneo, 2nd. ed. Il Castello.
    Vicente, N. 2008. 100 & une limaces de mer : guide d’identification des Mollusques Opisthobranches d’Atlantique et de Méditerranée. Éd. GAP, Challes-les-Eaux.
    WoRMS Editorial Board. 2023. World Register of Marine Species. WoRMS. (
    Yonow, N. 1994. Opisthobranchs from the Maldive Islands, including descriptions of seven new species (Mollusca: Gastropoda). Revue française d’aquariologie herpétologie. (4): 97 - 130. (in French).
    Yonow, N. 2008. Sea slugs of the Red Sea. 304 pp. Sofia-Moscow: Pensoft.
    Yonow, N. 2008. Opisthobranchs of the Gulf of Eilat and the Red Sea: an account of similarities and differences, pp. 177-196. In: F. Por (Ed.). Aqaba - Eilat, The improbable gulf. Environment, biodiversity and preservation. Magnum Press, Jerusalem.
    Zenetos, A., S. Gofas, G. Russo, and J. Templado. 2004. Caloria indica accessed through: CIESM Atlas of Exotic Species in the Mediterranean on 2015-05-23. (
    Zenetos, A., S. Gofas, G. Russo, and J. Templado. 2004. CIESM Atlas of exotic species in the Mediterranean. 3. Molluscs. CIESM Publishers, Monaco : 376 p.

    Bibliography based on the works by Steve Long, 2006. Bibliography of Opisthobranchia 1554-2000 and Gary McDonald, 2009. Bibliographia Nudibranchia, with later updates from other resources.

Further reading

Cite this article as:

Ballesteros, M., Madrenas, E. & Pontes, M. (2023) "Caloria indica" in OPK-Opistobranquis. Published: 18/09/2014. Accessed: 02/06/2023. Available at (

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