Eubranchus linensis

Eubranchus linensis García-Gómez, Cervera & García, 1990

Eubranchus linensis by Carlos Fernández-Cid










































Amphorina linensis   (Garcia-Gomez, Cervera & Garcia, 1990)

 Classification according to Bouchet et al. (2017)
Taxonomic source: World Register of Marine Species (AphiaID: 1424910).

Taxonomic note: The phylogenetic analyses performed by Cella et al. (2016) revealed that the traditional Tergipedidae family is polyphyletic and belongs to a larger monophyletic clade including members of the traditional families Eubranchidae, Fionidae and Calmidae; this was an unexpected result, since the validity of these taxa and their distinctness from the Tergipedidae was never questioned before. They proposed to join the families Tergipedidae, Eubranchidae, Calmidae and Fionidae under the name of Fionidae. This decision has been reinterpreted and completed in the paper by Korshunova et al. (2017) because it obviated evident morphological and molecular aspects.




  • Eubranchus, from Greek, means “true gills”.
  • Linensis. From “linense”, Spanish denomination to the inhabitants of the village of La Línea de La Concepción, Cádiz, Spain, near the Spanish border with Gibraltar.


Known georeferenced records of the species: Eubranchus linensis
: GROC 2010-2011
: Enric Madrenas
: João Pedro Silva
: Bernard Picton
: Manuel Ballesteros.
: M@re Nostrum
: Altres fonts
: Marine Regions

References for the species: Eubranchus linensis

    Galicia: Urgorri (pers. comm.). Portugal: García-Gómez, Cervera and García (1990), García-Gómez et al. (1991), Calado and Urgorri (1999), Calado et al. (1999). Gibraltar: García-Gómez (1987, as E. tricolor), García-Gómez, Cervera and García (1990).

    Sources: Cervera et al., 2004, Ballesteros, 2007 & 2016, McDonald, 2006 and other sources.


    Western Mediterranean:0 out of 5 stars
    Eastern Mediterranean:0 out of 5 stars
    Atlantic Ocean:0 out of 5 stars

This chart displays the monthly observation probability for Eubranchus linensis based on our own records.

More pictures


    Ballesteros, M., Madrenas, E., & Pontes, M. (2020). OPK - Opistobranquis [Reference]. Retrieved January 2, 2019, from
    Calado, G., & Urgorri, V. (1998). Additions and new data on Portuguese Opisthobranchs. Bollettino Malacologico 35 (5- 8): 97-102.
    Calado, G., Urgorri, V., Gaspar, R., & Cristobo, F. J. (1999). Catálogo de los moluscos opistobranquios bentónicos de las costas de Setúbal-Espichel (Portugal). Nova Acta Científica Compostelana (Bioloxía) 9: 285-294.
    Cella, K., Carmona, L., Ekimova, I., Chichvarkhin, A., Schepetov, D., & Gosliner, T. M. (2016). A Radical Solution: The Phylogeny of the Nudibranch Family Fionidae. PLoS ONE 12/2016; 11(12):E0167800.
    Cervera, J. L., Calado, G., Gavaia, C., Malaquías, M. A. E., Templado, J., Ballesteros, M., … Megina, C. (2004). An annotated and updated checklist of the opisthobranchs (Mollusca: Gastropoda) from Spain and Portugal (including islands and archipelagos). Boletín Instituto Español de Oceanografía, 20 (1-4): 1-111. L.
    Flanders Marine Institute. (2018). Maritime Boundaries Geodatabase: Territorial Seas. Retrieved from
    Garcia, F. J., & Bertsch, H. (2009). Diversity and distribution of the Gastropoda Opisthobranchia from the Atlantic Ocean: A global biogeographic approach. Scientia Marina, 73(1), 153–160.
    García-Gómez, J. C. (2002). Paradigmas de una fauna insólita; Los moluscos opistobranquios del estrecho de Gibraltar (Serie Ciencias) 20: 397 pp. Instituto de Estudios Gibraltareños. Algeciras, Cádiz, Spain.
    García-Gómez, J. C., Cervera, J. L., & García, F. J. (1990). Description of Eubranchus linensis new species (Nudibranchia), with remarks on diauly in nudibranchs. Journal of Molluscan Studies 56: 585-593.
    García-Gómez, J. C., Cervera, J. L., García, F. J., Ortea, J. A., García-Martin, S. F., Medina, A., & Burnay, L. P. (1991). Resultados de la campaña internacional de biología marina “Algarve 88”: moluscos opistobranquios. Bollettino Malacologico 27 (5-9): 125-138.
    Long, S. J. (2006). Bibliography of Opisthobranchia 1554-2000. Bayside Books & Press, Tustin, CA, U.S.A. 672p.
    Martínez-Chacón, M. (2018). Nudibranquios de la isla de Tarifa, pequeñas joyas del estrecho de Gibraltar. Junta de Andalucía. Consejería de Medio Ambiente y Ordenación del Territorio. Retrieved from
    McDonald, G. (2009). Bibliographia Nudibranchia. 2nd Online Edition, Annotated. 1072 pp  Institute of Marine Sciences, University of California, Santa Cruz. Retrieved from
    Menéndez, J. L., & Oliveros, J. (2004, 2015). Eubranchus linensis accessed through: AsturNatura on 2015-02-05. Retrieved from
    Naya Garmendia, L. M. (2016). Nudibranquios de la Costa Vasca: el pequeño Cantábrico multicolor. Aquarium de Donostia-San Sebastián.
    Ortea, J., Moro, L., & Espinosa, J. (1999). Dos moluscos opistobranquios nuevos de las Islas Canarias. Avicennia (10-11): 151-156.
    Rudman W.B. et al. (1998, 2010). Eubranchus linensis accessed through: Sea Slug Forum on 2014-12-14. Retrieved from
    Silva, J. P. (2008, 2014). Eubranchus linensis accessed through: Hypselodoris, Lesmas do Mar on 2014-12-21. Retrieved from
    Tamsouri, N., Carmona, L., Moukrim, A., & Cervera, J. L. (2015). Description of Eubranchus amazighi sp. nov. (Gastropoda, Heterobranchia) from the Atlantic Coast of Morocco. American Malacological Bulletin, 33(1):110-113. Retrieved from
    Urgorri, V., Diaz-Agras, G., Besteiro, C., & Montoto, G. (2011). Additions to the inventory of Mollusca Opisthobranchia of Galicia (NW Iberian Peninsula). Thalassas, 27(2), 77–100. Retrieved from ://WOS:000291629300006
    Valdés, A., & Heros, V. (1998). The types of Recent and certain fossil opisthobranch molluscs in the Museum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris. Zoosystema 20(4):695-742.
    WoRMS Editorial Board. (2018). World Register of Marine Species [Taxonomic Database]. Retrieved from

    Bibliography based on the works by Steve Long, 2006. Bibliography of Opisthobranchia 1554-2000 and Gary McDonald, 2009. Bibliographia Nudibranchia, with later updates from other resources.

Further reading

Cite this article as:

Ballesteros, Manuel, Enric Madrenas, Miquel Pontes (2012-2020) "Eubranchus linensis" in OPK-Opistobranquis, Published: 05/10/2013, Accessed: 03/04/2020 at (

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