Carminodoris boucheti

Carminodoris boucheti (Ortea, 1979)

Carminodoris bouchetti by Enric Madrenas













































Carminodoris boucheti  Ortea, 1979

 Classification according to Bouchet et al. (2017)
Taxonomic source: World Register of Marine Species (AphiaID: 140790).
The coloration of the animal may be yellow or orange but always features a brown middorsal stripe that runs from the gill area to the inter-rhinophoric area and above it there is a thin white line that also surrounds the sheath even behind the gills. The back is “peppered” with small whitish spots corresponding to small conical tubercules fitted with tiny spicules inside. The mantle is also very spiculous. The rhinophores are semitransparent at its base while the laminar zone is soft brown; the rhinophoric hole is surrounded by 15 to 17 small whitish conical papillae. The gill comprises 6 to 8 yellowish tripinnate branchial leaves and, when they are extended, they remain vertical and very tight together. The sheath surrounding the branchial leaves has an only slightly raised edge, and also has some small white pigmented tubercules, resulting in the typical white collar around the gills. The foot is orange and the mouth has a pair of digitiform semitransparent palps.

This is an small size (up to 22 mm in length) doridacean that can be found below stones in the Costa Brava, often well camouflaged on encrusting sponges like Hymeniacidon perlevis (formerly known as H.sanguinea) of which it apparently feeds on. The spawn consists of an orange ribbon of about 3 mm in height and 3-5 tightly wound turns of about 10 mm in diameter. The eggs are about 100 microns of diameter and are laid 8-9 widthwise in the ribbon.


  • Carminodoris. From medieval Latin “carminium”, from arab “qirmiz”, ‘red’, and this from Sanskrit “krimiga”, “made by insects”, from “krmi”, “vermin, insect”. The latin word was influenced by “minium”, “minium, cinnabar, presumedly of Iberian origin.
  • Doris, in Greek mythology, wife of Nereo, nymph of the waters and mother of Nereids.
  • Boucheti. Dedicated to Philippe Bouchet (1953-), French malacologyst at the Natural History Museum in Paris.

This newly described species distribution is limited so far to the Asturian waters where the first specimens were collected, the area of ​​the Strait of Gibraltar and some localities of the Italian coast. In Catalan waters it has been found in Cala Sant Francesc (Blanes) and in some locations of the Cap de Creus, like Portlligat (Cadaqués). Therefore it is a very scarce species.

Known georeferenced records of the species: Carminodoris boucheti
: GROC 2010-2011
: Enric Madrenas
: João Pedro Silva
: Bernard Picton
: Manuel Ballesteros.
: M@re Nostrum
: Altres fonts
: Marine Regions

References for the species: Carminodoris boucheti

    Galicia: Ortea (1979a), Ortea (1980a), Fernández-Ovies (1981). Gibraltar: Sánchez-Santos (pers. comm.). Catalunya: Ballesteros (1980, 1985), Ballesteros & Ortea (1981), Cervera et al. (1988), Domènech et al. (2002), Ballesteros (datos no publicados) [Cala Sant Antoni].

    Sources: Cervera et al., 2004, Ballesteros, 2007 & 2016, McDonald, 2006 and other sources.


    Western Mediterranean:0 out of 5 stars
    Eastern Mediterranean:0 out of 5 stars
    Atlantic Ocean:0 out of 5 stars

This chart displays the monthly observation probability for Carminodoris boucheti based on our own records.

More pictures


    Ballesteros, M. 2011. Opistobranquis poc coneguts. Carminodoris boucheti (Ortea, 1979). Tylodina, 1 : 22-23.
    Ballesteros, M. 1982. Estado actual de la fauna de Doridaceos (Mollusca: Opisthobranchia) de las costas Catalanas. Oceanografia de la Mediterrania Occidental, Res. Com Oral Reunion Soc. Cat. Biologia, 2 pp.
    Ballesteros, M. 2007. Lista actualizada de los opistobranquios (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Opisthobranchia) de las costas catalanas. Spira. 2: 163–188.
    Ballesteros, M. 1980. Contribución al conocimientos de los Sacoglosos y Nudibranquios (Mollusca: Opisthobranchia). Estudio anatómico, sistemático y faunístico de las especies del mediterráneo español. Tesis Doctoral.
    Ballesteros, M., and J. Ortea. 1981. Nota sobre dos opistobranquios del litoral catalán. Publicaciones del Departamento de Zoología (Barcelona) 6: 33-38.
    Ballesteros, M., M. Pontes, and E. Madrenas. 2019. Els nudibranquis del mar català. Brau, Figueres.
    Ballesteros, M., E. Madrenas, and M. Pontes. 2016. Actualización del catálogo de los moluscos opistobranquios (Gastropoda: Heterobranchia) de las costas catalanas. Spira 6(2016): 1-28.
    Ballesteros, M., E. Madrenas, and M. Pontes. 2012. OPK - Opistobranquis. (
    Cattaneo-Vietti, R., and G. Barletta. 1984. Elenco preliminare dei molluschi opistobranchi viventi nel Mediterraneo (Sacoglossa, Pleurobranchomorpha, Acochlidiacea, Aplysiomorpha, Nudibranchia). Bollettino Malacologico (Pubblicazione Mensile Edita dalla Societa Italiana di Malacologia) 20(9-12):195-218.
    Cattaneo-Vietti, R., and T. E. Thompson. 1989. Mediterranean opisthobranch molluscs: a zoogeographic approach. Bollettino Malacologico (Pubblicazione Mensile Edita dalla Societa Italiana di Malacologia) 25(5-8):183-204.
    Cattaneo-Vietti, R., R. Chemello, and R. Giannuzzi-Savelli. 1990. Atlante dei nudibranchi del Mediterraneo. La Conchiglia, Rome 264 pp, 14 pls. (104 clr. ill), line drawings.
    Cervera, J. L., J. Templado, J. C. García-Gómez, M. Ballesteros, J. Ortea, F. J. García, J. Ros, and A. A. Luque. 1988. Catálogo actualizado y comentado de los Opistobranquios (Mollusca, Gastropoda) de la Península Ibérica, Baleares y Canarias, con algunas referencias a Ceuta y la isla de Alborán. Iberus, supl. 1: 1-84.
    Cervera, J. L., G. Calado, C. Gavaia, M. A. E. Malaquías, J. Templado, M. Ballesteros, J. C. García-Gómez, and C. Megina. 2004. An annotated and updated checklist of the opisthobranchs (Mollusca: Gastropoda) from Spain and Portugal (including islands and archipelagos). Boletín Instituto Español de Oceanografía, 20 (1-4): 1-111. L.
    Domènech, A., C. Avila, and M. Ballesteros. 2002. Spatial and Temporal variability of the Opisthobranch molluscs of Port Lligat Bay (Catalonia, NE Spain). Journ. Moll. Stud., 68:29-37.
    Doneddu, M., B. Manunza, and E. Trainito. 1995. Opistobranchi del Nord Sardegna: censimento ed annotazioni. Biologia Marina Mediterranea II (2): 369-370.
    Fernández-Ovies, C. L. 1981. Contribución a la clasificación morfológica de las puestas de los opistobranquios (Mollusca: Gastropoda). Boletín de Ciencias de la Naturaleza del Instituto de Estudios Asturianos 28: 3-12.
    Flanders Marine Institute. 2018. Maritime Boundaries Geodatabase: Territorial Seas. Maritime Boundaries Geodatabase. (
    Garcia, F. J., and H. Bertsch. 2009. Diversity and distribution of the Gastropoda Opisthobranchia from the Atlantic Ocean: A global biogeographic approach. Scientia Marina. 73: 153–160.
    Long, S. J. 2006. Bibliography of Opisthobranchia 1554-2000. Bayside Books & Press, Tustin, CA, U.S.A. 672p.
    McDonald, G. 2009. Bibliographia Nudibranchia. 2nd Online Edition, Annotated. 1072 pp  Institute of Marine Sciences, University of California, Santa Cruz. (
    Ortea, J. 1977. Contribución al conocimiento de Carminodoris boucheti Ortea 1979 (Mollusca: Opisthobranchia: Doridacea de la costa asturiana).
    Ortea, J. 1979. Deux nouveaux doridiens (Mollusca: Nudibranchia) de la côte d’Espagne. Bulletin du Museum d’Histoire Naturelle (Paris) 4e sèr., sect. A, 3: 573-578.
    Ortea, J., and E. Martínez. 1992. Descripción de una nueva especie del género Carminodoris Bergh, 1889 (Mollusca: Opisthobranchia: Nudibranchia) del piso batial del Norte de Espana. Graellsia 48: 185-188.
    Perrone, A. S., and M. Doneddu. 1997. A species of Nudibranchia of the genus Carminodoris Bergh, 1889, new for the Italian coast: Carminodoris boucheti Ortea, 1979 (Opisthobranchia: Nudibranchia). Bollettino Malacologico 32(1-4):47-56.
    Rudman W.B. et al. 1998. Carminodoris boucheti accessed through: Sea Slug Forum on 2014-12-14. (
    Sabelli, B., R. Gianuzzi-Savelli, and D. Bedulli. 1990. Catalogo annotato dei Molluschi marini del Mediterraneo. Libreria Naturalistica Bolognese. Bologna, Italy: 348 pp.
    Templado, J., and R. Villanueva. 2010. Checklist of Phylum Mollusca. pp. 148-198 In Coll, M., et al., 2010. The biodiversity of the Mediterranean Sea: estimates, patterns, and threats. PLoS ONE 5(8):36pp.
    Trainito, E., and M. Doneddu. 2014. Nudibranchi del Mediterraneo, 2a. ed. Il Castello.
    Trainito, E., and S. Trainito. 2003. Mediterranean harlequins : a field guide to Mediterranean sea slugs. Taphros, Olbia (SS), Italia.
    Valdés, Á. 2002. A phylogenetic analysis and systematic revision of the cryptobranch dorids (Mollusca, Nudibranchia, Anthobranchia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 136: 535-636.
    Valdés, A., and V. Heros. 1998. The types of Recent and certain fossil opisthobranch molluscs in the Museum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris. Zoosystema 20(4):695-742.
    WoRMS Editorial Board. 2020. World Register of Marine Species. WoRMS. (

    Bibliography based on the works by Steve Long, 2006. Bibliography of Opisthobranchia 1554-2000 and Gary McDonald, 2009. Bibliographia Nudibranchia, with later updates from other resources.

Further reading

Cite this article as:

Ballesteros, Manuel, Enric Madrenas, Miquel Pontes (2012-2020) "Carminodoris boucheti" in OPK-Opistobranquis, Published: 27/08/2012, Accessed: 28/11/2020 at (

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