Carminodoris boucheti

Carminodoris boucheti (Ortea, 1979)

Carminodoris boucheti by Manuel Ballesteros

Class: Gastropoda  Cuvier, 1797 
Subclass: Heterobranchia  J.E. Gray, 1840 
Clade: Euthyneura  Spengel, 1881 
Clade: Nudipleura  Wägele & Willan, 2000 
Order: Nudibranchia  Cuvier, 1817 
Suborder: Euctenidiacea  Tardy, 1970 
Infraorder: Doridacea  Thiele, 1931 
Superfamily: Doridoidea  Rafinesque, 1815 
Family: Discodorididae  Bergh, 1891 
Genus: Carminodoris  Bergh, 1889 
Species: Carminodoris boucheti  Ortea, 1979

The coloration of the animal may be yellow or orange but always features a brown middorsal stripe that runs from the gill area to the inter-rhinophoric area and above it there is a thin white line that also surrounds the sheath even behind the gills. The back is “peppered” with small whitish spots corresponding to small conical tubercules fitted with tiny spicules inside. The mantle is also very spiculous. The rhinophores are semitransparent at its base while the laminar zone is soft brown; the rhinophoric hole is surrounded by 15 to 17 small whitish conical papillae. The gill comprises 6 to 8 yellowish tripinnate branchial leaves and, when they are extended, they remain vertical and very tight together. The sheath surrounding the branchial leaves has an only slightly raised edge, and also has some small white pigmented tubercules, resulting in the typical white collar around the gills. The foot is orange and the mouth has a pair of digitiform semitransparent palps.

This is an small size (up to 22 mm in length) doridacean that can be found below stones in the Costa Brava, often well camouflaged on encrusting sponges like Hymeniacidon perlevis (formerly known as H.sanguinea) of which it apparently feeds on. The spawn consists of an orange ribbon of about 3 mm in height and 3-5 tightly wound turns of about 10 mm in diameter. The eggs are about 100 microns of diameter and are laid 8-9 widthwise in the ribbon.


  • Carminodoris. From medieval Latin “carminium”, from arab “qirmiz”, ‘red’, and this from Sanskrit “krimiga”, “made by insects”, from “krmi”, “vermin, insect”. The latin word was influenced by “minium”, “minium, cinnabar, presumedly of Iberian origin.
  • Doris, in Greek mythology, wife of Nereo, nymph of the waters and mother of Nereids.
  • Boucheti. Dedicated to Philippe Bouchet (1953-), French malacologyst at the Natural History Museum in Paris.

This newly described species distribution is limited so far to the Asturian waters where the first specimens were collected, the area of ​​the Strait of Gibraltar and some localities of the Italian coast. In Catalan waters it has been found in Cala Sant Francesc (Blanes) and in some locations of the Cap de Creus, like Portlligat (Cadaqués). Therefore it is a very scarce species.

Known georeferenced records of the species: Carminodoris boucheti
: GROC 2010-2011
: Enric Madrenas
: João Pedro Silva
: Bernard Picton
: Manuel Ballesteros.
: M@re Nostrum
: Altres fonts
: Marine Regions

References for the species: Carminodoris boucheti

    Galicia: Ortea (1979a), Ortea (1980a), Fernández-Ovies (1981). Gibraltar: Sánchez-Santos (pers. comm.). Catalunya: Ballesteros (1980, 1985), Ballesteros & Ortea (1981), Cervera et al. (1988), Domènech et al. (2002), Ballesteros (datos no publicados) [Cala Sant Antoni].

    Sources: Cervera et al., 2004, Ballesteros, 2007 & 2016, McDonald, 2006 and other sources.


    Western Mediterranean:
    Eastern Mediterranean:
    Atlantic Ocean:
This chart displays the observation probability for Carminodoris boucheti based on our own records.

More pictures


Further reading

Cite this article as:

Ballesteros, Manuel, Enric Madrenas, Miquel Pontes et al. (2012-2017) "Carminodoris boucheti" in OPK-Opistobranquis, Published: 27/08/2012, Accessed: 18/12/2017 at (

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