Carminodoris boucheti (Ortea, 1979)
Class: Gastropoda Cuvier, 1797
Subclass: Heterobranchia J.E. Gray, 1840
Clade: Euthyneura Spengel, 1881
Clade: Nudipleura Wägele & Willan, 2000
Order: Nudibranchia Cuvier, 1817
Suborder: Euctenidiacea Tardy, 1970
Infraorder: Doridacea Thiele, 1931
Superfamily: Doridoidea Rafinesque, 1815
Family: Discodorididae Bergh, 1891
Genus: Carminodoris Bergh, 1889
Species: Carminodoris boucheti Ortea, 1979
The coloration of the animal may be yellow or orange but always features a brown middorsal stripe that runs from the gill area to the inter-rhinophoric area and above it there is a thin white line that also surrounds the sheath even behind the gills. The back is “peppered” with small whitish spots corresponding to small conical tubercules fitted with tiny spicules inside. The mantle is also very spiculous. The rhinophores are semitransparent at its base while the laminar zone is soft brown; the rhinophoric hole is surrounded by 15 to 17 small whitish conical papillae. The gill comprises 6 to 8 yellowish tripinnate branchial leaves and, when they are extended, they remain vertical and very tight together. The sheath surrounding the branchial leaves has an only slightly raised edge, and also has some small white pigmented tubercules, resulting in the typical white collar around the gills. The foot is orange and the mouth has a pair of digitiform semitransparent palps.
This is an small size (up to 22 mm in length) doridacean that can be found below stones in the Costa Brava, often well camouflaged on encrusting sponges like Hymeniacidon perlevis (formerly known as H.sanguinea) of which it apparently feeds on. The spawn consists of an orange ribbon of about 3 mm in height and 3-5 tightly wound turns of about 10 mm in diameter. The eggs are about 100 microns of diameter and are laid 8-9 widthwise in the ribbon.
- Carminodoris. From medieval Latin “carminium”, from arab “qirmiz”, ‘red’, and this from Sanskrit “krimiga”, “made by insects”, from “krmi”, “vermin, insect”. The latin word was influenced by “minium”, “minium, cinnabar“, presumedly of Iberian origin.
- Doris, in Greek mythology, wife of Nereo, nymph of the waters and mother of Nereids.
- Boucheti. Dedicated to Philippe Bouchet (1953-), French malacologyst at the Natural History Museum in Paris.
This newly described species distribution is limited so far to the Asturian waters where the first specimens were collected, the area of the Strait of Gibraltar and some localities of the Italian coast. In Catalan waters it has been found in Cala Sant Francesc (Blanes) and in some locations of the Cap de Creus, like Portlligat (Cadaqués). Therefore it is a very scarce species.
| : OBIS|
: GROC 2010-2011
: Enric Madrenas
: João Pedro Silva
: Bernard Picton
| : OPK|
: Manuel Ballesteros.
: M@re Nostrum
: Altres fonts
: Marine Regions
References for the species: Carminodoris boucheti
- Galicia: Ortea (1979a), Ortea (1980a), Fernández-Ovies (1981).
Gibraltar: Sánchez-Santos (pers. comm.).
Catalunya: Ballesteros (1980, 1985), Ballesteros & Ortea (1981), Cervera et al. (1988), Domènech et al. (2002), Ballesteros (datos no publicados) [Cala Sant Antoni].
Sources: Cervera et al., 2004, Ballesteros, 2007 & 2016, McDonald, 2006 and other sources.
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