Runcina brenkoae

Runcina brenkoae (Thompson, 1980)

Runcina brenkoae by Enric Madrenas

Taxonomy
 

Superdomain

Biota  

 

Kingdom

Animalia  

 

Phylum

Mollusca  

 

Class

Gastropoda  

 

Subclass

Heterobranchia  

 

Infraclass

Euthyneura  

 

Subterclass

Tectipleura  

 

Order

Runcinida  

 

Superfamily

Runcinoidea  

 

Family

Runcinidae  

 

Genus

Runcina  

 

Species

Runcina brenkoae  T. E. Thompson, 1980

 
 Classification according to Bouchet et al. (2017)
Taxonomic source: World Register of Marine Species (AphiaID: 141409).
Description
The body shape is elongate, slightly narrower at the front than at the rear, but can vary depending on whether the animal is still or wandering. The specimens can reach up to 3.5 mm in length. The body is coloured dark-brown with a reddish hue and the entire dorsum is covered with irregular lines and black spots that anastomose. There is a series of small whitish dots grouped in the front of the animal, at the sides and at the rear end of the back, also in the base of the tail. On both sides of the head region has a depigmentated zone in which the eyes are easily observable. Under the rear right edge of the dorsum there are two or three small gill leaves, semitransparent but with some fine black spots. The foot has the same coloration as the dorsum although it lacks the black lines and the spots do not anastomose. The tail has a very well defined dark area in the center, and the sides of that area have a whitish translucent shade with some dark spots on the edge.

Biology
No data on the biology of this species are known. The few cites available show that it appears in collected masses of various algae. A specimen collected in Cadaqués (Spain) moved with characteristic soft stretching movements followed by a sharp contraction of the body. In addition, while moving, the rear portion of the dorsum (mantle crest) remains somewhat elevated.

Etymology

  •  Runcina. From Latin “runcina”, carpenter’s plane, a tool used to smooth the wood’s surface.
  • Brenkoae. In honor of Mirjana Hrs-Brenko (1935-) who has been employed at the Rovinj Marine Research Station (Croatia) since 1960, working on bivalves taxonomy, ecology and culture.

Distribution
This species, originally described by Thompson in 1980 in the Adriatic, in waters of today’s Croatia, has been only collected in Banyuls sur Mer (France) and Catalonia (Cadaqués and Tossa de Mar).

Known georeferenced records of the species: Runcina brenkoae
Sources:
: OBIS
: GROC 2010-2011
: Enric Madrenas
: João Pedro Silva
: Bernard Picton
: GBIF.ORG
: OPK
: VIMAR
: Manuel Ballesteros.
: M@re Nostrum
: Altres fonts
: Marine Regions

References for the species: Runcina brenkoae

Abundance

    Western Mediterranean:0 out of 5 stars
    Eastern Mediterranean:0 out of 5 stars
    Atlantic Ocean:0 out of 5 stars
Month

This chart displays the monthly observation probability for Runcina brenkoae based on our own records.

More pictures


Bibliography

    Ballesteros, M. 2007. Lista actualizada de los opistobranquios (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Opisthobranchia) de las costas catalanas. Spira. 2: 163–188.
    Ballesteros, M., E. Madrenas, and M. Pontes. 2019. OPK - Opistobranquis. (https://opistobranquis.info/).
    Ballesteros, M., E. Madrenas, and M. Pontes. 2016. Actualización del catálogo de los moluscos opistobranquios (Gastropoda: Heterobranchia) de las costas catalanas. Spira 6(2016): 1-28.
    Correa, M., E. Madrenas, A. Riesgo, and M. Ballesteros. 2015. First molecular approach to the study of Mediterranean Runcina Forbes [in Forbes & Hanley], 1851 (Heterobranchia: Runcinacea).
    Flanders Marine Institute. 2018. Maritime Boundaries Geodatabase: Territorial Seas. Maritime Boundaries Geodatabase. (http://www.marineregions.org/).
    Long, S. J. 2006. Bibliography of Opisthobranchia 1554-2000. Bayside Books & Press, Tustin, CA, U.S.A. 672p.
    McDonald, G. 2009. Bibliographia Nudibranchia. 2nd Online Edition, Annotated. 1072 pp  Institute of Marine Sciences, University of California, Santa Cruz. (http://escholarship.org/uc/item/8115h0wz).
    Prkić, J., A. Petani, Ð. Iglić, and L. Lanča. 2018. Stražnjoškržnjaci Jadranskoga Mora: Slikovni Atlas i Popis Hrvatskih Vrsta / Opisthobranchs of the Adriatic Sea: Photographic Atlas and List of Croatian Species. Ronilaćki Klub Sveti Roko, Bibinje.
    Schmekel, L., and D. Cappellato. 2002. Contributions to the Runcinidae. II. Three new species and comparative studies on five established species of Runcina (Opisthobranchia Cephalaspidea) in the Mediterranean. Vie et Milieu 52 (2-3): 86-102.
    Templado, J., and R. Villanueva. 2010. Checklist of Phylum Mollusca. pp. 148-198 In Coll, M., et al., 2010. The biodiversity of the Mediterranean Sea: estimates, patterns, and threats. PLoS ONE 5(8):36pp.
    Thompson, T. E. 1980. New species of the bullomorph genus Runcina from the Northern Adriatic Sea. Journal of Molluscan Studies 46: 154-157.
    Trainito, E., and M. Doneddu. 2014. Nudibranchi del Mediterraneo, 2a. ed. Il Castello.
    WoRMS Editorial Board. 2018. World Register of Marine Species. World Register of Marine Species. (http://www.marinespecies.org).

    Bibliography based on the works by Steve Long, 2006. Bibliography of Opisthobranchia 1554-2000 and Gary McDonald, 2009. Bibliographia Nudibranchia, with later updates from other resources.

Further reading

Cite this article as:

Ballesteros, Manuel, Enric Madrenas, Miquel Pontes (2012-2019) "Runcina brenkoae" in OPK-Opistobranquis, Published: 14/08/2013, Accessed: 24/07/2019 at (https://opistobranquis.info/en/U1eyX)

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