Runcina zavodniki

Runcina zavodniki  Thompson T., 1980

Runcina zavodniki @ Croatia by Pero Ugarković

Taxonomy
 

Superdomain

Biota  

 

Kingdom

Animalia  

 

Phylum

Mollusca  

 

Class

Gastropoda  

 

Subclass

Heterobranchia  

 

Infraclass

Euthyneura  

 

Subterclass

Tectipleura  

 

Order

Runcinida  

 

Superfamily

Runcinoidea  

 

Family

Runcinidae  

 

Genus

Runcina  

 

Species

Runcina zavodniki  Kress, 1977

 
 Classification according to Bouchet et al. (2017)
Taxonomic source: World Register of Marine Species (AphiaID: 141414).
Taxonomic note: WoRMS defines this species as a synonym of Runcina ferruginea, however a recent molecular analysis (still unpublished) between specimens of R.ferruginea from the UK, and specimens of R.zavodniki from the coast of Croatia resulted in clearly different species (Jakov Prkić, pers.comm.).

Description
Very small in size, the maximum reported length is 3.5mm. The body is elongated and streamlined, coloured black, including the foot and the three gills. One individual was found to be pale orange-brown. Three pinnate gills were present, and each one bore regular pinnules on either face. No shell is present.

Biology
Several specimens were found among mixed algae (especially Ulva rigida) but many more were found among the rootlet system of the hydroid Eudendrium in the shallow sublittoral (down to 2 m). They look and behave like triclad turbellarians.

Etymology

  • Runcina. From Latin “runcina”, carpenter’s plane, a tool used to smooth the wood’s surface.
  • Zavodniki. In honour of Dr. D. Zavodnik, Director of the Rovinj Institute, Rovinj, Croatia.

Distribution
In Croatia it has been found in several localities, however, the species of this genus are poorly studied due to its small size and crypsis on the substrate they live on, so presumably they have a more general distribution.

Known georeferenced records of the species: Runcina zavodniki
Sources:
: OBIS
: GROC 2010-2011
: Enric Madrenas
: João Pedro Silva
: Bernard Picton
: GBIF.ORG
: OPK
: VIMAR
: Manuel Ballesteros.
: M@re Nostrum
: Altres fonts
: Marine Regions

Abundance

    Western Mediterranean:0 out of 5 stars
    Eastern Mediterranean:1 out of 5 stars
    Atlantic Ocean:0 out of 5 stars
Month

This chart displays the monthly observation probability for Runcina zavodniki based on our own records.

More pictures

Bibliography

    Ortea, J., L. Moro, and J. Espinosa. 2006. Descripción de dos especies nuevas del género Runcina Forbes y Hanley, 1853 (Gastropoda, Opisthobranchia, Cephalaspidea) de la isla de Cuba. Rev.Acad. Canar. Cienc. XVIII (Núm.4) :27-32.
    Prkić, J., A. Petani, Ð. Iglić, and L. Lanča. 2018. Stražnjoškržnjaci Jadranskoga Mora: Slikovni Atlas i Popis Hrvatskih Vrsta / Opisthobranchs of the Adriatic Sea: Photographic Atlas and List of Croatian Species. Ronilaćki Klub Sveti Roko, Bibinje.
    Thompson, T. E. 1980. New species of the bullomorph genus Runcina from the Northern Adriatic Sea. Journal of Molluscan Studies 46: 154-157.

    Bibliography based on the works by Steve Long, 2006. Bibliography of Opisthobranchia 1554-2000 and Gary McDonald, 2009. Bibliographia Nudibranchia, with later updates from other resources.

Further reading

Cite this article as:

Pontes, Miquel, Manuel Ballesteros, Enric Madrenas (2012-2019) "Runcina zavodniki" in OPK-Opistobranquis, Published: 07/01/2019, Accessed: 17/11/2019 at (https://opistobranquis.info/en/3CRPw)

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