Amphorina andra Korshunova, Malmberg, Prkić, Petani, Fletcher, Lundin, Martynov, 2020
Amphorina andra Korshunova, Malmberg, Prkić, Petani, Fletcher, Lundin & Martynov, 2020
|Classification according to Bouchet et al. (2017)|
Taxonomic source: World Register of Marine Species (AphiaID: 1424907).
- Eubranchus farrani: sensu Schmekel and Portmann 1982: 241–243, taf. 14, Fig. 1–3,
abb. 7.78 (= Amphorina andra sp. nov. + mixture of species).
- Eubranchus farrani: sensu Trainito & Doneddu, 2014: 117 (four lower figs), non Alder
& Hancock, 1844.
- Eubranchus farrani: sensu Prkić et al. 2018: 347, figs 3a–b; p. 348, figs 1a–e; p. 349,
figs 1a–d; 350, figs 1a–d; 351, figs 1a–d, non Alder & Hancock, 1844.
The length of adult specimens may reach 20 mm. The body is narrow and very variable in colour. There are completely pale specimens (without any orange or yellow spots) to specimens with dull orange or yellow spots, however they never have orange or yellow coloration on the tail (typical of A. farrani), but they may have a white median line. Dorsal side of the body and cerata may be partially or almost completely covered with big greyish, brownish or blackish blotches. Other specimens may have the body and cerata uniformly coloured orange or golden yellow. The rhinophores are smooth and 1.5–2 times longer than the oral tentacles. The upper part of the rhinophores and oral tentacles is commonly covered with orange to yellowish brown pigment and dispersed small white spots, never forming a pinkish ring; occasionally the entire surface of the rhinophores and oral tentacles is covered with yellowish orange or brownish pigment. There are 7-8 groups of up to 3 cerata along each side of the body. Every cera is relatively long and swollen, with the tip covered with orange or yellow pigment, or with no pigment at all, allowing to see the cnidosac inside, but they never have a pinkish subapical ring, typical of A.viriola. The foot is narrow, anteriorly without foot corners, never with a white punctuated line along the edges, typical of A.linensis.
Can be separated from other species of the genus by the following traits:
- The absence of orange-yellow colouration in spotted forms, present in A.farrani.
- The presence of forms with blackish surface pigmentation on the body and cerata, absent in A.farrani.
- The absence of a distinct dotted white line along edge of the foot, present in A.linensis.
- The smaller number of ceratal rows and blunt tip, not tappered as in A.linensis.
- The larger size of the dorsal spots (in spotted forms) than A.pallida
- The smaller number of anterior ceratal rows than A.pallida.
At the Swedish west coast this species lives below the halocline, but in other areas it can be found closer to the surface or intertidally. In the Mediterranean it is somewhat common from shallow water (0–0.5 m) down to 20 m.
- Andra. From Swedish word meaning “second” or “the other” referring to its separation
from Amphorina viriola.
Present around the Mediterranean Sea and in all European Atlantic coasts from Norway to Gibraltar.
| : OBIS|
: GROC 2010-2011
: Enric Madrenas
: João Pedro Silva
: Bernard Picton
| : OPK|
: Manuel Ballesteros.
: M@re Nostrum
: Altres fonts
: Marine Regions
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