Cymbulia peronii

Cymbulia peronii (Blainville, 1818)

Cymbulia peronii by Gilles Cavignaux by Gilles Cavignaux










































Cymbulia peronii  Blainville, 1818

 Classification according to Bouchet et al. (2017)
Taxonomic source: World Register of Marine Species (AphiaID: 139494).
  • Cymbulia borealis Bonnevie, 1913
  • Cymbulia peroni [sic]
  • Cymbulia peronii f. minor van der Spoel, 1976
  • Cymbulia peronii f. peronii Blainville, 1818
  • Cymbulia peronii var. minor van der Spoel, 1976
  • Cymbulia proboscidea Lamarck, 1816
  • Cymbulia proboscidea Oken, 1815
  • Cymbulia quadridentata Gegenbaur, 1855




  • Cymbulia. From Latin “cymbula”, small boat.
  • Peronii. Dedicated to François Péron (1775-1810). Péron participated in the wars against Prussia, where he was wounded and captured. After a long stay in prison, he lost an eye and was released in a prisoner exchange between France and Prussia, after which he studied medicine and natural history. Later he embarked as a doctor on board the ship “Le Geographe”, on an expedition to Australia between 1800 and 1804. Friend with naturalist and illustrator Charles-Alexandre Lesueur, they published many works in common.


Known georeferenced records of the species: Cymbulia peronii
: GROC 2010-2011
: Enric Madrenas
: João Pedro Silva
: Bernard Picton
: Manuel Ballesteros.
: M@re Nostrum
: Altres fonts
: Marine Regions

References for the species: Cymbulia peronii

    Cantabria: Martínez, Rodríguez and Rodríguez (1993). Galicia: Vayssière (1915). Andalucía (Med.): Rampal (1968), Vives, Santamaría and Trepat (1975), Sánchez Tocino, Ocaña and García (2000a), Ocaña et al. (2000). Levante: Vayssière (1902), García Raso et al. (1992). Catalunya: Ros (1975, 1978), Ramírez-Llodra et al. (2007), Ballesteros (datos no publicados) [costa de Barcelona]. Canarias: Hernández, Ferrandis and Lozano Soldevilla (1993), Hernández, Jiménez and Silva (1997a,b), Ortea et al. (2001), Moro et al. (2003).

    Sources: Cervera et al., 2004, Ballesteros, 2007 & 2016, McDonald, 2006 and other sources.


    Western Mediterranean:1 out of 5 stars
    Eastern Mediterranean:0 out of 5 stars
    Atlantic Ocean:0 out of 5 stars

This chart displays the monthly observation probability for Cymbulia peronii based on our own records.

More pictures


    Ballesteros, M. 2007. Lista actualizada de los opistobranquios (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Opisthobranchia) de las costas catalanas. Spira. 2: 163–188.
    Ballesteros, M., E. Madrenas, and M. Pontes. 2021. OPK - Opistobranquis. (
    Ballesteros, M., E. Madrenas, and M. Pontes. 2016. Actualización del catálogo de los moluscos opistobranquios (Gastropoda: Heterobranchia) de las costas catalanas. Spira 6(2016): 1-28.
    Bielecki, S., G. Cavignaux, J. M. Crouzet, and S. Grall. 2011. Des limaces de rêve.
    Cervera, J. L., G. Calado, C. Gavaia, M. A. E. Malaquías, J. Templado, M. Ballesteros, J. C. García-Gómez, and C. Megina. 2004. An annotated and updated checklist of the opisthobranchs (Mollusca: Gastropoda) from Spain and Portugal (including islands and archipelagos). Boletín Instituto Español de Oceanografía, 20 (1-4): 1-111. L.
    Daumas, R., and H. J. Ceccaldi. 1965. Contribution à l’étude biochémique d’organismes marins, 1. Acides aminés libres et protéiniques chez Beroe ovata (Eschscholtz), Ciona intestinalis (L), Cymbulia peroni (de Blainville) et Rhizostoma pulmo (Agassiz). Rec. Trav. Stat. marit. Endoume, 38(54): 3-14.
    de Blainville, H. M. 1818. Dictionnaire des Sciences naturelles. Paris. Levrault, Strasbourg & Paris, & Le Normant, Paris.
    Domènech, A., C. Ávila, and M. Ballesteros. 2006. Opisthobranch molluscs from the subtidal trawling grounds off Blanes (Girona, north-east Spain). J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K., 86: 383-389.
    Flanders Marine Institute. 2018. Maritime Boundaries Geodatabase: Territorial Seas. Maritime Boundaries Geodatabase. (
    Harbison, G. R. 1992. Observations on the Swimming and Buoyancy of Cymbulia peroni (Gastropoda: Thecosomata) made from a Submersible. JMBA 72:435-446.
    Howells, H. H. 1936. The anatomy and histology of the gut of Cymbulia peronii (Blainville). Proceed. malac. Soc. London, 22(2): 62-72, pls 7-10.
    Long, S. J. 2006. Bibliography of Opisthobranchia 1554-2000. Bayside Books & Press, Tustin, CA, U.S.A. 672p.
    Magaldi, N. H. 1971. Sobre la presencia en el Atlantico sudoccidental de Cymbulia peroni de Blainville, 1818. Neotropica, 17(53): 92-94, 1 fig.
    McDonald, G. 2009. Bibliographia Nudibranchia. 2nd Online Edition, Annotated. 1072 pp  Institute of Marine Sciences, University of California, Santa Cruz. (
    Moro, L., J. L. Martín Esquivel, M. J. Garrido Sanahuja, and I. Izquierdo Zamora. 2003. Lista de especies marinas de Canarias (algas, hongos, plantas y animales). Consejería de Política Territorial y Medio Ambiente del Gobierno de Canarias.
    Nekrassoff, A. 1904. Untersuchungen über die Reifung und Befrüchtung des Eies von Cymbulia peronii. Anat. Anz., 24: 119-127, 16 figs.
    Nekrassoff, A. 1909. Analyse des Reifungs- und Befrüchtungsprozess des Eies von Cymbulia peronii nebst einigen Bemerkungen über die Entstehung der Strahlung neben den Kernen und über die Kopulationsbahn der Vorkerne. Arch. mikr. Anat., 73: 913-994, 5 pls.
    Ozturk, B., A. Dogan, B. Bitlis-Bakir, and A. Salman. 2014. Marine Molluscs of the Turkish Coasts: An Updated Checklist. Tübitak, Turkish Journal of Zoology 38.
    Pafortvan Iersel, T. 1979. The columellar muscle system in Clio pyramidata and Cymbulia peroni (Pteropoda, Thecosomata). Malacologia, 18(12): 3135, 4 figs.
    Pafortvan Iersel, T., and S. van der Spoel. 1979. The structure of the columellar muscle system in Clio pyramidata and Cymbulia peroni (Thecosomata, Gastropoda) with a note on the phylogeny of both species. BijDr Dierk., 48(2): 111-126, 14 figs.
    Pontes, M., J. M. Dacosta, A. Ollé i Callau, and L. Aguilar. 1996. M@re Nostrum. (
    Prkić, J., A. Petani, Ð. Iglić, and L. Lanča. 2018. Stražnjoškržnjaci Jadranskoga Mora: Slikovni Atlas i Popis Hrvatskih Vrsta / Opisthobranchs of the Adriatic Sea: Photographic Atlas and List of Croatian Species. Ronilaćki Klub Sveti Roko, Bibinje.
    Ramírez-Llodra, E., M. Ballesteros, J. B. Company, L. Dantart, and F. Sardà. 2008. Spatio-temporal variations of biomass and abundance in bathyal non-crustacean megafauna in the Catalan Sea (North-western Mediterranean). Mar. Biol., 153: 297-309.
    Rao, D. V. S. 1969. Occurrence of Cymbulia peroni de Blainville, a pseudothecosomatous pteropod, in the Bay of Bengal. The Nautilus, 82(4): 123-125, 1 fig.
    Ros, J. 1973. Opistobranquios (Gastropoda: Euthyneura) del litoral ibérico : Estudio faunístico y ecológico (Tesis Doctoral).
    Ros, J. 1975. Opistobranquios (Gastropoda: euthyneura) del litoral ibérico. Investigacion Pesquera. 39: 269–372.
    Ros, J. 1978. Distribució en l’espai i en el temps dels opistobranquis iberics, amb especial referencia als del litoral catalá. Butll. Inst. Cat. Hist. Nat., 42 (Sec. Zool., 2): 23-32.
    Sánchez Tocino, L. 2001. Cymbulia peronii accessed through: Opistobranquios de la Costa de Granada on 2014-12-14. (
    Templado, J., and R. Villanueva. 2010. Checklist of Phylum Mollusca. pp. 148-198 In Coll, M., et al., 2010. The biodiversity of the Mediterranean Sea: estimates, patterns, and threats. PLoS ONE 5(8):36pp.
    Thiriot Quiévereux, C. 1970. Transformations histologiques lors de la métamorphose chez Cymbulia peroni de Blainville (Mollusca, Opisthobranchia). Z. Morph. Tiere, 67: 106-117, 3 figs.
    Trainito, E., and M. Doneddu. 2014. Nudibranchi del Mediterraneo, 2a. ed. Il Castello.
    WoRMS Editorial Board. 2021. World Register of Marine Species. WoRMS. (

    Bibliography based on the works by Steve Long, 2006. Bibliography of Opisthobranchia 1554-2000 and Gary McDonald, 2009. Bibliographia Nudibranchia, with later updates from other resources.

Further reading

Cite this article as:

Ballesteros, Manuel, Enric Madrenas, Miquel Pontes (2021) "Cymbulia peronii" in OPK-Opistobranquis. Published: 28/12/2012. Accessed: 20/01/2021. Available at (

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