Elysia subornata

Elysia subornata A.E. Verrill, 1901

Elysia subornata @ Key Largo, Florida (USA) by Manuel Malaquias




































Elysia subornata  A. E. Verrill, 1901

 Classification according to Bouchet et al. (2017)
Taxonomic source: World Register of Marine Species (AphiaID: 181214).

  • Elysia cauze Er. Marcus, 1957




  • Elysia. It is a name of Latin origin, derived from the word Elysium, which in mythology is the home of the blessed, known as the “Elysian fields”. The name Elysia also means “God’s oath” in Hebrew. Frieder Sauer comments that Elysia means heavenly.
  • Subornata. From Latin “sub”, under, until, before, up to, about, up to, up under, close to (of motion) + “Ornata”, from “ornatus”, means distinguished, honored, well equipped/endowed, richly adorned, ornate.


Known georeferenced records of the species: Elysia subornata
: GROC 2010-2011
: Enric Madrenas
: João Pedro Silva
: Bernard Picton
: Manuel Ballesteros.
: M@re Nostrum
: Altres fonts
: Marine Regions


    Western Mediterranean: ☆☆☆☆☆
    Eastern Mediterranean: ☆☆☆☆☆
    Atlantic Ocean: ☆☆☆☆☆

This chart displays the monthly observation probability for Elysia subornata based on our own records.

More pictures


    Ballesteros, M., E. Madrenas, and M. Pontes. 2023. OPK - Opistobranquis. (https://opistobranquis.info/).
    Carmona, L., M. A. E. Malaquias, T. M. Gosliner, M. Pola, and J. L. Cervera. 2011. Amphi-atlantic distributions and cryptic species in sacoglossan sea slugs. Journal of Molluscan Studies 77: 401–412.
    Cervera, J. L., G. Calado, C. Gavaia, M. A. E. Malaquías, J. Templado, M. Ballesteros, J. C. García-Gómez, and C. Megina. 2004. An annotated and updated checklist of the opisthobranchs (Mollusca: Gastropoda) from Spain and Portugal (including islands and archipelagos). Boletín Instituto Español de Oceanografía, 20 (1-4): 1-111. L.
    Coquillard, P., T. Thibaut, D. R. C. Hill, J. Gueugnot, C. Mazel, and Y. Coquillard. 2000. Simulation of the mollusc Ascoglossa Elysia subornata population dynamics: application to the potential biocontrol of Caulerpa taxifolia growth in the Mediterranean Sea. Ecological Modelling 136(2000):1-16; figs. 1-13; tbls. 1-4.
    De Freese, D. E. 1988. Energetics and lift histories of three ascoglossan opisthobranchs, Ascobulla ulla, Oxynoe azuropunctata, and Elysia subornata. PhD. Dissertation, FIT, 80pp.
    De la Cruz-Francisco, V., D. Ortigosa, and M. González González. 2017. Primeros registros de babosas marinas (Gastropoda: Heterobranchia) del Sistema Arrecifal Tuxpan, México, con ampliaciones de ámbito de distribución. Biodiversity and Natural History (2017) Vol. 3, No. 1, 15-23.
    Frank, B. et al. 1998. Elysia subornata accessed through: JaxShells.org on 2014-12-14. (http://www.jaxshells.org/subor.htm).
    Jiménez, L. M., N. Simões, and C. Yáñez-Arenas. 2021. Where is the genus Elysia in the western Atlantic? Potential distribution, species richness and representation in marine protected areas. Journal of Molluscan Studies. 87: eyab003.
    Krug, P. J., J. E. Vendetti, and Á. Valdés. 2016. Molecular and morphological systematics of Elysia Risso, 1818 (Heterobranchia: Sacoglossa) from the Caribbean region. Zootaxa. 4148(1): 1-137.
    Krug, P. J., J. E. Vendetti, and Á. Valdés. 2016. Molecular and morphological systematics of Elysia Risso, 1818 (Heterobranchia: Sacoglossa) from the Caribbean region. Zootaxa 4148 (1).
    Long, S. J. 2006. Bibliography of Opisthobranchia 1554-2000. Bayside Books & Press, Tustin, CA, U.S.A. 672p.
    McDonald, G. 2009. Bibliographia Nudibranchia. 2nd Online Edition, Annotated. 1072 pp  Institute of Marine Sciences, University of California, Santa Cruz. (http://escholarship.org/uc/item/8115h0wz).
    Moro, L., J. L. Martín Esquivel, M. J. Garrido Sanahuja, and I. Izquierdo Zamora. 2003. Lista de especies marinas de Canarias (algas, hongos, plantas y animales). Consejería de Política Territorial y Medio Ambiente del Gobierno de Canarias.
    Ortea, J., M. C. L. Moro, and J. J. Bacallado. 2003. Resultados Científicos del proyecto “Macaronesia 2000” Chinijo-2002: Moluscos Opistobranquios. Revista de la Academia Canaria de Ciencias 14 (3-4): 165-180.
    Rolán, E. 2005. Malacological Fauna From The Cape Verde Archipelago. Part 1, Polyplacophora and Gastropoda. ConchBooks, Frankfurt, Germany.
    Rudman W.B. et al. 1998. Elysia subornata accessed through: Sea Slug Forum on 2014-12-14. (http://seaslugforum.net/showall/elyssubo).
    Thibaut, T., A. Meinesz, P. Amade, S. Charrier, K. De Angelis, S. Ierardi, L. Mangialajo, J. Melnick, and V. Vidal. 2001. Elysia subornata (Mollusca) a potential control agent of the alga Caulerpa taxifolia (Chlorophyta) in the Mediterranean Sea. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 81(3):497-504.
    Valdés, A., J. Hamann, D. W. Behrens, and A. DuPont. 2006. Caribbean sea slugs: a field guide to the opisthobranch mollusks from the tropical northwestern Atlantic. Washington: Sea Challengers Natural History Books. 289 pp.
    Verrill, A. E. 1901. Additions to the fauna of the Bermudas from the Yale expedition of 1901, with notes on other species. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences, 11: 15-62.
    WoRMS Editorial Board. 2023. World Register of Marine Species. WoRMS. (http://www.marinespecies.org).

    Bibliography based on the works by Steve Long, 2006. Bibliography of Opisthobranchia 1554-2000 and Gary McDonald, 2009. Bibliographia Nudibranchia, with later updates from other resources.

Further reading

Cite this article as:

Ballesteros, M., Madrenas, E. & Pontes, M. (2023) "Elysia subornata" in OPK-Opistobranquis. Published: 22/02/2015. Accessed: 03/12/2023. Available at (https://opistobranquis.info/en/?p=18493)

To copy this cite click on the right button.