Syphonota geographica

Syphonota geographica (Adams & Reeve, 1850)

Siphonota geographica by Gianni Neto




































Syphonota geographica  (A. Adams & Reeve, 1850)

 Classification according to Bouchet et al. (2017)
Taxonomic source: World Register of Marine Species (AphiaID: 370566).

  • Aplysia geographica (Adams & Reeve, 1850)
  • Aplysia piperata Smith E.A., 1884 
  • Aplysia scripta Bergh, 1905
  • Paraplysia geographica (Adams & Reeve, 1850)
  • Siphonotus geographicus A. Adams & Reeve, 1850 (original)




  • Geographica. Map-like. From the map-like nature of the pattern on its body, seen in many specimens.

Alien species.

Known georeferenced records of the species: Syphonota geographica
: GROC 2010-2011
: Enric Madrenas
: João Pedro Silva
: Bernard Picton
: Manuel Ballesteros.
: M@re Nostrum
: Altres fonts
: Marine Regions


    Western Mediterranean: ☆☆☆☆☆
    Eastern Mediterranean: ☆☆☆☆☆
    Atlantic Ocean: ☆☆☆☆☆

This chart displays the monthly observation probability for Syphonota geographica based on our own records.

More pictures


    Adams, A., and L. Reeve. 1850. Mollusca [in] Adams A. (ed.) The zoology of the voyage of H. M. S. Samarang under the command of Captain Sir Edward Belcher, C. B., F. R. A. S., F. G. S., during the years 1843-1846. Reeve, Benham & Reeve: London. Parts I-III.
    Ballesteros, M., E. Madrenas, and M. Pontes. 2023. OPK - Opistobranquis. (
    Bielecki, S., G. Cavignaux, J. M. Crouzet, and S. Grall. 2011. Des limaces de rêve.
    Caballer, M., J. Ortea, N. Rivero, G. Carias-Tucker, M. A. E. Malaquías, and S. Narciso. 2015. The opisthobranch gastropods (Mollusca: Heterobranchia) from Venezuela: an annotated and illustrated inventory of species. Zootaxa 4034 (2): 201–256.
    Çevik, C., and S. Gündoğdu. 2016. Marine mollusca of Mediterranean coast of Turkey. Turkish Marine Research Foundation 43: 184-197.
    Çinar, M. E., M. Bilencenoglu, B. Ozturk, T. Katagan, and V. Aysel. 2005. Alien species on the coasts of Turkey. Medit. Mar. Sci, 6/2, 2005, 119-146.
    Çinar, M. E., M. Bilecenoglu, B. Öztürk, T. Katağan, and M. B. Yokeş. 2011. An updated review of alien species on the coasts of Turkey. Mediterranean Marine Science, 12(2): 257-315.
    Crocetta, F. 2011. Marine alien mollusca in Italy, a review. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 2012, 92(6), 1357–1365.
    Crocetta, F., H. Zibrowius, G. Bitar, J. Templado, and M. Oliveiro. 2013. Biogeographical homogeneity in the eastern Mediterranean Sea - I: the opisthobranchs (Mollusca: Gastropoda) from Lebanon. Mediterranean Marine Science, Vol 14, no.2.
    Crocetta, F., W. Renda, and A. Vazzana. 2009. Alien mollusca along Calabrian shores of the Messina Strait area and a review of their distribution in the Italian seas. Boll. Malacol., 45: 15-30.
    Flanders Marine Institute. 2018. Maritime Boundaries Geodatabase: Territorial Seas. Maritime Boundaries Geodatabase. (
    Frank, B. et al. 1998. Syphonota geographica accessed through: on 2014-12-14. (
    Long, S. J. 2006. Bibliography of Opisthobranchia 1554-2000. Bayside Books & Press, Tustin, CA, U.S.A. 672p.
    McDonald, G. 2009. Bibliographia Nudibranchia. 2nd Online Edition, Annotated. 1072 pp  Institute of Marine Sciences, University of California, Santa Cruz. (
    Ozturk, B., A. Dogan, B. Bitlis-Bakir, and A. Salman. 2014. Marine Molluscs of the Turkish Coasts: An Updated Checklist. Tübitak, Turkish Journal of Zoology 38.
    Rudman W.B. et al. 1998. Syphonota geographica accessed through: Sea Slug Forum on 2014-12-14. (
    Sperone, E., G. Giglio, M. Abate, S. Giglio, E. Madeo, A. Giglio, S. Golia, I. Sangerman, G. Mauro, V. Circosta, M. Aceto, F. Forestier, and S. Tripepi. 2015. Contribution to the knowledge of the animal xenodiversity along Calabrian coasts (southern Italy, central Mediterranean). Acta Adriatica 56(2): 245-258.
    Templado, J., and R. Villanueva. 2010. Checklist of Phylum Mollusca. pp. 148-198 In Coll, M., et al., 2010. The biodiversity of the Mediterranean Sea: estimates, patterns, and threats. PLoS ONE 5(8):36pp.
    Trainito, E., and M. Doneddu. 2014. Nudibranchi del Mediterraneo, 2nd. ed. Il Castello.
    Valdés, A., J. Hamann, D. W. Behrens, and A. DuPont. 2006. Caribbean sea slugs: a field guide to the opisthobranch mollusks from the tropical northwestern Atlantic. Washington: Sea Challengers Natural History Books. 289 pp.
    WoRMS Editorial Board. 2023. World Register of Marine Species. WoRMS. (
    Yokeş, M. B., and W. B. Rudman. 2004. Lessepsian Opisthobranch from southwestern coast of Turkey; five new records for Mediterranean. In: Proceedings of the 37th CIESM Congress, 7-11 July 2004, Barcelona. Briand, F. et al. (Ed). CIESM Publishers, Monaco, 557 pp.

    Bibliography based on the works by Steve Long, 2006. Bibliography of Opisthobranchia 1554-2000 and Gary McDonald, 2009. Bibliographia Nudibranchia, with later updates from other resources.

Further reading

Cite this article as:

Ballesteros, M., Madrenas, E. & Pontes, M. (2023) "Syphonota geographica" in OPK-Opistobranquis. Published: 17/09/2014. Accessed: 03/02/2023. Available at (

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