Philine iris

Philine iris Tringali, 2001

Philine iris @ Granada, Spain by Luis Sánchez-Tocino

Taxonomy
 

Superdomain

Biota  

 

Kingdom

Animalia  

 

Phylum

Mollusca  

 

Class

Gastropoda  

 

Subclass

Heterobranchia  

 

Infraclass

Euthyneura  

 

Subterclass

Tectipleura  

 

Order

Cephalaspidea  

 

Superfamily

Philinoidea  

 

Family

Philinidae  

 

Genus

Philine  

 

Species

Philine iris  Tringali, 2001

 
 Classification according to Bouchet et al. (2017)
Taxonomic source: World Register of Marine Species (AphiaID: 181200).
Taxonomic note: Philine iris was described by Tringali (2001) in northern Morocco, based only on the shell, as no live specimens were found. This incomplete description has made subsequent findings incorrectly cited by other names. It appears illustrated for the first time in the work by Moreno and Templado (1998) on the Spanish southeast, but was cited as Philine sp. due to the uncertainties presented by its identification, until Ortea et al. (2003) identified it as P. iris.

Description
This species has the body elongated and of small size (up to 5 mm in length). In its rear part, the fine internal shell and internal viscera are visible by transparency, since the shell is not very calcified. The animal is of a characteristic uniform orange color, without spots or marks. The cephalic shield occupies near the anterior half of the body. The foot has lateral extensions or parapods that do not cover either the cephalic shield nor the back of the body, which are exposed. The back of the foot is narrow and rounded, located between the two posterior lobes, which can be seen when the animal is moving. The internal shell is globose, has few turns and has a large opening. It has small holes or marks that form simple lines at the beginning of the spire, becoming rows of chains visible as growth lines.

Biology
Species of the genus Philine inhabit sandy or mud bottoms close to rocks and generally feed on foraminifera and other small invertebrates (Ohnheiser & Malaquias 2013).

Etymology

  • Philine. Derived from Greek “philainoi”, name of two Carthaginian brothers who fougth for their homeland and who received honors as Gods.
  • Iris. The type locality name (Cala Iris, Torres de Alcalá, Morocco) inspired the specific name.

Distribution
This species has been reported in Greece (Manousis et al, 2012), Malta (Cachia et al., 2004), Italy (Romani & Bartolini, 2014), France (Tringali, 2001), Morocco (Tringali, 2001) and Spain, where it has been found on the shores of Tarragona (Capdevila & Folch, 2009), Murcia, Almería and Granada (Moreno & Templado, 1998), Málaga (Perna, 2013), on the island of Alborán (Peñas et al., 2006), Ceuta (Moreno & Templado, 1998), Cádiz (Pérez-García & Cervera, 2019) and Lanzarote, Canary Islands (Ortea et al., 2003).

Known georeferenced records of the species: Philine iris
Sources:
: OBIS
: GROC 2010-2011
: Enric Madrenas
: João Pedro Silva
: Bernard Picton
: GBIF.ORG
: OPK
: VIMAR
: Manuel Ballesteros.
: M@re Nostrum
: Altres fonts
: Marine Regions

Abundance

    Western Mediterranean:1 out of 5 stars
    Eastern Mediterranean:0 out of 5 stars
    Atlantic Ocean:1 out of 5 stars

More pictures

Bibliography

Further reading

Cite this article as:

Ballesteros, Manuel, Enric Madrenas, Miquel Pontes (2012-2019) "Philine iris" in OPK-Opistobranquis, Published: 26/01/2018, Accessed: 24/04/2019 at (https://opistobranquis.info/en/KsPCf)

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