Proctonotus mucroniferus

Proctonotus mucroniferus (Alder & Hancock, 1844)

Proctonotus mucroniferus Loch Torridon, W. Scotland. Photo Gil Green. by Bernard Picton

Taxonomy
 

Superdomain

Biota  

 

Kingdom

Animalia  

 

Phylum

Mollusca  

 

Class

Gastropoda  

 

Subclass

Heterobranchia  

 

Infraclass

Euthyneura  

 

Subterclass

Ringipleura  

 

Superorder

Nudipleura  

 

Order

Nudibranchia  

 

Suborder

Cladobranchia  

 

Superfamily

Proctonotoidea  

 

Family

Proctonotidae  

 

Genus

Proctonotus  

 

Species

Proctonotus mucroniferus  (Alder & Hancock, 1844)

 
 Classification according to Bouchet et al. (2017)
Taxonomic source: World Register of Marine Species (AphiaID: 140858).
Synonyms

  • Venilia mucronifera Alder & Hancock, 1844
  • Zephyrina pilosa de Quatrefages, 1844

Description

Biology

Etymology

Distribution
Eminently an Atlantic and extremely rare species, it has only been reported from Malahide Bay, Ireland (Alder & Hancock, 1844), in Clyde Bay (Thompson & Brown, 1984), in Loch Torridon, Scotland (top photo), in Vikaneset, Kristiansund, Norway (Christian Skauge, 2007 in Sea Slug Forum) and on the French Atlantic coast in Saint Vaast la Hougue (Quatrefages, 1844) and Roscoff (Vayssière, 1913). The report of Fez (1974) in the coasts of Finisterre (Galicia, Spain) is most probably a confusion since it alludes to a report by Vayssière in Roscoff (Finistère, France).

Known georeferenced records of the species: Proctonotus mucroniferus
Sources:
: OBIS
: GROC 2010-2011
: Enric Madrenas
: João Pedro Silva
: Bernard Picton
: GBIF.ORG
: OPK
: VIMAR
: Manuel Ballesteros.
: M@re Nostrum
: Altres fonts
: Marine Regions

References for the species: Proctonotus mucroniferus

    We have not yet published references for Iberian coasts of: Proctonotus mucroniferus.

Abundance

    Western Mediterranean:0 out of 5 stars
    Eastern Mediterranean:0 out of 5 stars
    Atlantic Ocean:1 out of 5 stars
Month

This chart displays the monthly observation probability for Proctonotus mucroniferus based on our own records.

More pictures

    We have no (more) pictures for Proctonotus mucroniferus

Bibliography

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    Alder, J. 1844. On the genus Venilia. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 13:407.
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Further reading

Cite this article as:

Ballesteros, Manuel, Enric Madrenas, Miquel Pontes (2012-2019) "Proctonotus mucroniferus" in OPK-Opistobranquis, Published: 20/10/2014, Accessed: 09/12/2019 at (https://opistobranquis.info/en/NmcR2)

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