Diaphorodoris papillata

Diaphorodoris papillata Portmann & Sandmeier 1960

Diaphorodoris papillata by Enric Madrenas

Taxonomy
 

Superdomain

Biota  

 

Kingdom

Animalia  

 

Phylum

Mollusca  

 

Class

Gastropoda  

 

Subclass

Heterobranchia  

 

Infraclass

Euthyneura  

 

Subterclass

Ringipleura  

 

Superorder

Nudipleura  

 

Order

Nudibranchia  

 

Suborder

Doridina  

 

Infraorder

Doridoidei  

 

Superfamily

Onchidoridoidea  

 

Family

Calycidorididae  

 

Genus

Diaphorodoris  

 

Species

Diaphorodoris papillata  Portmann & Sandmeier, 1960

 
 Classification according to Bouchet et al. (2017)
Taxonomic source: World Register of Marine Species (AphiaID: 140631).
Description
The specimens of this species can reach 10 mm in length. There is a very similar species D. luteocincta , also with a white body and a yellow bordered mantle. The difference with this other species is the presence of digitiform, deep red colored, thin and long papillae that could be dichotomized in the apex or near the base. These red papillae can be of different sizes and even have a rudimentary tubercule shape. A binocular microscope can show a whitish thin dotted design on the back, and mantle spiculation, less apparent than in D. luceocincta. Rhinophores are the white and long and have between 12 and 14 white lamellae, while the rhinophoric sheath has 1 to 3 little papillae on its upper edge . The eyes are located at the very base of the rhinophores. The gill consists of 5 semitransparent white leaves with a white pigmented rachis. The foot is white and ends in a tail that has a longitudinal dorsal keel pigmented opaque white. The mouth lacks labial palps and is surrounded by two large round bulbs instead.

Biology
This species is less common than D. luteocincta but they often share the same habitat, that is dimly lit rock walls with plenty of algae and sessile invertebrate fauna, specially bryozoans Smittina reticulata (see Ros, 1975 p:317) on which it feeds. It has also been quoted in Posidonia oceanica meadows and below stones. There are reports of Diaphorodoris papillata mating with Diaphorodoris alba in the Mediterranean. Being different species we assume this does not result on viable offspring, as we have never observed hybrid specimens either.

Etymology

  • Diaphorodoris. Diaphanous or light colored Doris.
  • Doris. In Greek mythology, wife of Nereo, nymph of the waters and mother of Nereids.
  • Papillata. From Latin “papillātus”, having papillae or buds, shaped like a papilla or bud.

Distribution
This recently described species mainly inhabits the western Mediterranean basin but is also found on the Atlantic coast of the Iberian Peninsula. It has been cited in the coast of Portugal and the Straits of Gibraltar, along the Mediterranean coast of Andalucia, on the eastern coast of Spain and in Catalonia. In the Catalan coast it is a relatively common species along the Costa Brava. It has also been cited in Italian waters, also in Malta, in the Croatian coast and recently in the eastern Mediterranean, off the coast of Israel. A report of this species at Taliarte, Gran Canària in 3 meters of water (27/08/2016, Jose Juan Calderín Peñate, pers. comm.) probably is the first confirmed cite for this species for the Canary Islands.  Citation by Cervera et al. (2004) in Cantabria (Northern coast of Spain) referencing the PhD Thesis by C. Ávila (1993) is not correct.

Known georeferenced records of the species: Diaphorodoris papillata
Sources:
: OBIS
: GROC 2010-2011
: Enric Madrenas
: João Pedro Silva
: Bernard Picton
: GBIF.ORG
: OPK
: VIMAR
: Manuel Ballesteros.
: M@re Nostrum
: Altres fonts
: Marine Regions

Abundance

    Western Mediterranean:3 out of 5 stars
    Eastern Mediterranean:1 out of 5 stars
    Atlantic Ocean:1 out of 5 stars
Month

This chart displays the monthly observation probability for Diaphorodoris papillata based on our own records.

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More pictures

Bibliography

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Further reading

Cite this article as:

Ballesteros, Manuel, Enric Madrenas, Miquel Pontes (2012-2019) "Diaphorodoris papillata" in OPK-Opistobranquis, Published: 15/05/2012, Accessed: 15/10/2019 at (https://opistobranquis.info/en/5MRFt)

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