Doridina

The Doridina nudibranchs comprise the holohepatic nudibranchs (with a compact digestive gland) and have a gill formed by dendritic gill leaves. They are also generally known under the name of Doridaceans.

Peltodoris atromaculata by Enric Madrenas

These nudibranchs are characterized by having an elongated or flattened body where it is easy to differentiate the notum or back from the flanks of the body. The rhinophores could be contractile or they can be completely retracted into the head. The back of the animal can be smooth or it can be adorned with tubercles of different shaped: rounded, conical, digitiform, etc. The species of certain genuses as Jorunna, Taringa or Rostanga have spiculated tubercles that surround it forming a crown and that are known as caryophyllid tubercles.

The gill leaves surround the anal tubercle and are located in the posterior region of the back. Certain groups can contract the gills when they feel threatened (fanerobranchs) or they can fully retract them into the body (cryptobranchs).

Doridina feeding is very specific, they are all carnivores, most feed on sponges but there are some species that feed on bryozoans.

Within Doridina there are two groups with Infraorder category, the Doridoidei, where most species belong, and Bathydoridoidei, with only two genus and very few species of deep, cold waters.

The taxonomy of Doridina proposed by Bouchet et al. (2017) and accepted at WoRMS is:

  • Suborder Doridina
    • Infraorder Doridoidei
      • Superfamily Doridoidea Rafinesque, 1815
        • Family Actinocyclidae O’Donoghue, 1929
          • Genus Actinocyclus Ehrenberg, 1831
          • Genus Hallaxa Eliot, 1909
        • Family Cadlinidae Bergh, 1891
          • Genus Aldisa Bergh, 1878
          • Genus Cadlina Bergh, 1879
        • Family Chromodorididae Bergh, 1891
          • Genus Ardeadoris Rudman, 1984
          • Genus Berlanguella Ortea, Bacallado & Valdés, 1992
          • Genus Cadlinella Thiele, 1931
          • Genus Ceratosoma A. Adams & Reeve, 1850
          • Genus Chromodoris Alder & Hancock, 1855
          • Genus Diversidoris Rudman, 1987
          • Genus Doriprismatica d’Orbigny, 1839
          • Genus Felimare Ev. Marcus & Er. Marcus, 1967
          • Genus Felimida Ev. Marcus, 1971
          • Genus Glossodoris Ehrenberg, 1831
          • Genus Goniobranchus Pease, 1866
          • Genus Hypselodoris Stimpson, 1855
          • Genus Mexichromis Bertsch, 1977
          • Genus Miamira Bergh, 1874
          • Genus Thorunna Bergh, 1878
          • Genus Tyrinna Bergh, 1898
          • Genus Verconia Pruvot-Fol, 1931
        • Family Discodorididae Bergh, 1891
          • Genus Alloiodoris Bergh, 1904
          • Genus Aporodoris Ihering, 1886
          • Genus Asteronotus Ehrenberg, 1831
          • Genus Atagema Gray, 1850
          • Genus Baptodoris Bergh, 1884
          • Genus Carminodoris Bergh, 1889
          • Genus Diaulula Bergh, 1878
          • Genus Dictyodoris Bergh, 1880
          • Genus Discodoris Bergh, 1877
          • Genus Gargamella Bergh, 1894
          • Genus Geitodoris Bergh, 1891
          • Genus Gravieria Vayssiere, 1912
          • Genus Halgerda Bergh, 1880
          • Genus Hiatodoris Dayrat, 2010
          • Genus Jorunna Bergh, 1876
          • Genus Nirva Bergh, 1905
          • Genus Nophodoris Valdés & Gosliner, 2001
          • Genus Paradoris Bergh, 1884
          • Genus Peltodoris Bergh, 1880
          • Genus Peronodoris Bergh, 1904
          • Genus Platydoris Bergh, 1877
          • Genus Rostanga Bergh, 1879
          • Genus Sclerodoris Eliot, 1904
          • Genus Sebadoris Er. Marcus & Ev. Marcus, 1960
          • Genus Taringa Er. Marcus, 1955
          • Genus Tayuva Er. Marcus & Ev. Marcus, 1967
          • Genus Thordisa Bergh, 1877
          • Genus Thorybopus Bouchet, 1977
        • Family Dorididae Rafinesque, 1815
          • Genus Aphelodoris Bergh, 1879
          • Genus Artachaea Bergh, 1881
          • Genus Conualevia Collier & Farmer, 1964
          • Genus Doriopsis Pease, 1860
          • Genus Doris Linnaeus, 1758
          • Genus Goslineria Valdés, 2001
          • Genus Pharodoris Valdés, 2001
          • Subfamily Miamirinae Bergh, 1891
      • Superfamily Onchidoridoidea Gray, 1827
        • Family Akiodorididae Millen & Martynov, 2005
          • Genus Akiodoris Bergh, 1879
          • Genus Armodoris Minichev, 1972
          • Genus Doridunculus G.O. Sars, 1878
          • Genus Echinocorambe Valdés & Bouchet, 1998
          • Genus Prodoridunculus Thiele, 1912
        • Family Calycidorididae Roginskaya, 1972
          • Genus Calycidoris Abraham, 1876
          • Genus Diaphorodoris Iredale & O’Donoghue, 1923
        • Family Corambidae Bergh, 1871
          • Genus Corambe Bergh, 1869
          • Genus Loy Martynov, 1994
        • Family Goniodorididae H. Adams & A. Adams, 1854
          • Genus Ancula Lovén, 1846
          • Genus Goniodoridella Pruvot-Fol, 1933
          • Genus Goniodoris Forbes & Goodsir, 1839
          • Genus Lophodoris G.O. Sars, 1878
          • Genus Murphydoris Sigurdson, 1991
          • Genus Okenia Menke, 1830
          • Genus Spahria Risbec, 1928
          • Genus Trapania Pruvot-Fol, 1931
        • Family Onchidorididae Gray, 1827
          • Genus Acanthodoris Gray, 1850
          • Genus Adalaria Bergh, 1878
          • Genus Knoutsodonta Hallas & Gosliner, 2015
          • Genus Onchidoris Blainville, 1816
          • Genus Onchimira Martynov, Korshunova, Sanamyan N. & Sanamyan K., 2009
      • Superfamily Phyllidioidea Rafinesque, 1814
        • Family Dendrodorididae O’Donoghue, 1924 (1864)
          • Genus Cariopsilla Ortea & Espinosa, 2006
          • Genus Dendrodoris Ehrenberg, 1831
          • Genus Doriopsilla Bergh, 1880
        • Family Mandeliidae Valdés & Gosliner, 1999
          • Genus Mandelia Valdés & Gosliner, 1999
        • Family Phyllidiidae Rafinesque, 1814
          • Genus Ceratophyllidia Eliot, 1903
          • Genus Phyllidia Cuvier, 1797
          • Genus Phyllidiella Bergh, 1869
          • Genus Phyllidiopsis Bergh, 1876
          • Genus Reticulidia Brunckhorst, 1990
      • Superfamily Polyceroidea Alder & Hancock, 1845
        • Family Aegiridae P. Fischer, 1883
          • Genus Aegires Lovén, 1844
          • Genus Notodoris Bergh, 1875
        • Family Hexabranchidae Bergh, 1891
          • Genus Hexabranchus Ehrenberg, 1828
        • Family Okadaiidae Baba, 1930
          • Genus Vayssierea Risbec, 1928
        • Family Polyceridae Alder & Hancock, 1845
          • Genus Kalinga Alder & Hancock, 1864
          • Genus Kankelibranchus Ortea, Espinosa & Caballer, 2005
          • Genus Martadoris Willan & Chang, 2017
          • Genus Nembrotha Bergh, 1877
          • Genus Roboastra Bergh, 1877
          • Genus Tambja Burn, 1962
          • Genus Tyrannodoris Willan & Chang, 2017
          • Genus Greilada Bergh, 1894
          • Genus Gymnodoris Stimpson, 1855
          • Genus Lamellana Lin, 1992
          • Genus Lecithophorus Macnae, 1958
          • Genus Palio Gray, 1857
          • Genus Paliolla Burn, 1958
          • Genus Polycera Cuvier, 1816
          • Genus Polycerella A. E. Verrill, 1880
          • Genus Thecacera J. Fleming, 1828
          • Genus Colga Bergh, 1880
          • Genus Crimora Alder & Hancock, 1862
          • Genus Heteroplocamus W. R. B. Oliver, 1915
          • Genus Holoplocamus Odhner, 1926
          • Genus Joubiniopsis Risbec, 1928
          • Genus Kaloplocamus Bergh, 1880
          • Genus Limacia O. F. Müller, 1781
          • Genus Plocamopherus Rüppell & Leuckart, 1828
          • Genus Triopha Bergh, 1880
    • Infraorder Bathydoridoidei
      • Superfamily Bathydoridoidea Bergh, 1891
        • Family Bathydorididae Bergh, 1891
          • Genus Bathydoris Bergh, 1884
          • Genus Doriodoxa Bergh, 1899
          • Genus Prodoris Baranetz & Minichev, 1995

Main Doridina groups:

Felimare picta

Doridoidei

Bathydoris aioca

Bathydoridoidei

Bibliography

    Bouchet, P., J. P. Rocroi, B. Hausdorf, A. Kaim, Y. Kano, A. Nützel, P. Parkhaev, M. Schrödl, and E. Strong. 2017. Revised classification, nomenclator and typification of gastropod and monoplacophoran families. Malacologia 61(1-2): 1-526.

    Bibliography based on the works by Steve Long, 2006. Bibliography of Opisthobranchia 1554-2000 and Gary McDonald, 2009. Bibliographia Nudibranchia, with later updates from other resources.