Trapania sanctipetrensis

Trapania sanctipetrensis Cervera, García-Gómez & Megina, 2000

Trapania sanctipetrensis by César Megina

Taxonomy
 

Superdomain

Biota  

 

Kingdom

Animalia  

 

Phylum

Mollusca  

 

Class

Gastropoda  

 

Subclass

Heterobranchia  

 

Infraclass

Euthyneura  

 

Subterclass

Ringipleura  

 

Superorder

Nudipleura  

 

Order

Nudibranchia  

 

Suborder

Doridina  

 

Infraorder

Doridoidei  

 

Superfamily

Onchidoridoidea  

 

Family

Goniodorididae  

 

Genus

Trapania  

 

Species

Trapania sanctipetrensis  Cervera, Garcia-Gomez & Megina, 2000

 
 Classification according to Bouchet et al. (2017)
Taxonomic source: World Register of Marine Species (AphiaID: 181225).
Description
Body coloured translucent white with black or dark brown irregularly dispersed flecks, that may be concentrated in different areas forming dark patches. This colour scheme is also present on the head, dorsum, flanks, tail, base of the oral tentacles, the foot corners and on all body processes and external organs. Rhinophores have 6-9 lamellae. Gill composed by three tripinnate gill leaves, the one in the middle the largest. Both rhinophores and gill are protected by lateral processes with a similar length, typical of the genus Trapania. The oral tentacles are relatively long. The anterior foot margin is extended laterally into tentacular foot corners.

Biology
This species is very rare (or very cryptic) and has only been found once, on Bugula neritina bryozoans, despite it is probably not its food source. Trapania genus is known for feeding on entoprocta, small creatures that live on sponges.

Etymology

  • Sanctipetrensis, referred to Sancti-Petri, the type locality of the species.

Distribution
So far this species has only been found in South West Spain (NE. Atlantic) in the coast of Chiclana, Cádiz. Its colour scheme makes it extremely cryptic on the substrate, so its scarcity is probably just a measure of its ability to go unnoticed.

Known georeferenced records of the species: Trapania sanctipetrensis
Sources:
: OBIS
: GROC 2010-2011
: Enric Madrenas
: João Pedro Silva
: Bernard Picton
: GBIF.ORG
: OPK
: VIMAR
: Manuel Ballesteros.
: M@re Nostrum
: Altres fonts
: Marine Regions

Abundance

    Western Mediterranean:0 out of 5 stars
    Eastern Mediterranean:0 out of 5 stars
    Atlantic Ocean:1 out of 5 stars
Month

This chart displays the monthly observation probability for Trapania sanctipetrensis based on our own records.

More pictures

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Bibliography

    Ballesteros, M., E. Madrenas, and M. Pontes. 2020. OPK - Opistobranquis. (https://opistobranquis.info/).
    Cervera, J. L., J. C. García-Gómez, and C. Megina. 2000. A new species of Trapania Pruvot-Fol, 1931 from the Bay of Cadiz, with remarks on other Trapania species (Nudibranchia: Goniodorididae). Ophelia 52(1): 17-24.
    Cervera, J. L., G. Calado, C. Gavaia, M. A. E. Malaquías, J. Templado, M. Ballesteros, J. C. García-Gómez, and C. Megina. 2004. An annotated and updated checklist of the opisthobranchs (Mollusca: Gastropoda) from Spain and Portugal (including islands and archipelagos). Boletín Instituto Español de Oceanografía, 20 (1-4): 1-111. L.
    Flanders Marine Institute. 2018. Maritime Boundaries Geodatabase: Territorial Seas. Maritime Boundaries Geodatabase. (http://www.marineregions.org/).
    Garcia, F. J., and H. Bertsch. 2009. Diversity and distribution of the Gastropoda Opisthobranchia from the Atlantic Ocean: A global biogeographic approach. Scientia Marina. 73: 153–160.
    García-Gómez, J. C. 2002. Paradigmas de una fauna insólita; Los moluscos opistobranquios del estrecho de Gibraltar (Serie Ciencias) 20: 397 pp. Instituto de Estudios Gibraltareños. Algeciras, Cádiz, Spain.
    Long, S. J. 2006. Bibliography of Opisthobranchia 1554-2000. Bayside Books & Press, Tustin, CA, U.S.A. 672p.
    McDonald, G. 2009. Bibliographia Nudibranchia. 2nd Online Edition, Annotated. 1072 pp  Institute of Marine Sciences, University of California, Santa Cruz. (http://escholarship.org/uc/item/8115h0wz).
    Rudman W.B. et al. 1998. Trapania sanctipetrensis accessed through: Sea Slug Forum on 2014-12-14. (http://seaslugforum.net/showall/trapsanc).
    WoRMS Editorial Board. 2020. World Register of Marine Species. WoRMS. (http://www.marinespecies.org).

    Bibliography based on the works by Steve Long, 2006. Bibliography of Opisthobranchia 1554-2000 and Gary McDonald, 2009. Bibliographia Nudibranchia, with later updates from other resources.

Further reading

Cite this article as:

Miquel Pontes (2012-2020) "Trapania sanctipetrensis" in OPK-Opistobranquis, Published: 15/02/2020, Accessed: 18/09/2020 at (https://opistobranquis.info/en/kA0nQ)

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