Elysia papillosa

Elysia papillosa  A.E. Verrill, 1901

Elysia papillosa @ Key Largo, Florida (USA) by Manuel Malaquias




































Elysia papillosa  A. E. Verrill, 1901

 Classification according to Bouchet et al. (2017)
Taxonomic source: World Register of Marine Species (AphiaID: 181213).



  • Elysia. It is a name of Latin origin, derived from the word Elysium, which in mythology is the home of the blessed, known as the “Elysian fields”. The name Elysia also means “God’s oath” in Hebrew. Frieder Sauer comments that Elysia means heavenly.
  • Papillosa. Derived from Latin word “papilla”, meaning “with papillae”. A papilla is a small nipplelike elevation of the skin.


Known georeferenced records of the species: Elysia papillosa
: GROC 2010-2011
: Enric Madrenas
: João Pedro Silva
: Bernard Picton
: Manuel Ballesteros.
: M@re Nostrum
: Altres fonts
: Marine Regions


    Western Mediterranean: ☆☆☆☆☆
    Eastern Mediterranean: ☆☆☆☆☆
    Atlantic Ocean: ☆☆☆☆☆

This chart displays the monthly observation probability for Elysia papillosa based on our own records.

More pictures


    Bacallado, J. J., J. Ortea, L. Moro, F. J. Martín Barrios, T. Cruz Simó, and R. Mesa Hernández. 2008. Inventario de los moluscos de la marina de Arrecife, Lanzarote. Canarias Conservación. 1–32.
    Ballesteros, M., E. Madrenas, and M. Pontes. 2023. OPK - Opistobranquis. (https://opistobranquis.info/).
    Caballer, M., J. Ortea, N. Rivero, G. Carias-Tucker, M. A. E. Malaquías, and S. Narciso. 2015. The opisthobranch gastropods (Mollusca: Heterobranchia) from Venezuela: an annotated and illustrated inventory of species. Zootaxa 4034 (2): 201–256.
    Carmona, L., M. A. E. Malaquias, T. M. Gosliner, M. Pola, and J. L. Cervera. 2011. Amphi-atlantic distributions and cryptic species in sacoglossan sea slugs. Journal of Molluscan Studies 77: 401–412.
    Cervera, J. L., G. Calado, C. Gavaia, M. A. E. Malaquías, J. Templado, M. Ballesteros, J. C. García-Gómez, and C. Megina. 2004. An annotated and updated checklist of the opisthobranchs (Mollusca: Gastropoda) from Spain and Portugal (including islands and archipelagos). Boletín Instituto Español de Oceanografía, 20 (1-4): 1-111. L.
    Goodheart, J. A., R. A. Ellingson, X. G. Vital, H. C. Galvão Filho, J. B. McCarthy, S. M. Medrano, V. J. Bhave, K. García-Méndez, L. M. Jiménez, G. López, C. A. Hoover, J. D. Awbrey, J. M. De Jesus, W. Gowacki, P. J. Krug, and Á. Valdés. 2016. Identification guide to the heterobranch sea slugs (Mollusca: Gastropoda) from Bocas del Toro, Panama. Marine Biodiversity Records. 9: 56.
    Jiménez, L. M., N. Simões, and C. Yáñez-Arenas. 2021. Where is the genus Elysia in the western Atlantic? Potential distribution, species richness and representation in marine protected areas. Journal of Molluscan Studies. 87: eyab003.
    Krug, P. J. 2009. Not my “type”: larval dispersal dimorphisms and bet-hedging in opisthobranch life histories. The Biological bulletin. 216: 355–72.
    Krug, P. J., J. E. Vendetti, and Á. Valdés. 2016. Molecular and morphological systematics of Elysia Risso, 1818 (Heterobranchia: Sacoglossa) from the Caribbean region. Zootaxa. 4148(1): 1-137.
    Krug, P. J., J. E. Vendetti, and Á. Valdés. 2016. Molecular and morphological systematics of Elysia Risso, 1818 (Heterobranchia: Sacoglossa) from the Caribbean region. Zootaxa 4148 (1).
    Long, S. J. 2006. Bibliography of Opisthobranchia 1554-2000. Bayside Books & Press, Tustin, CA, U.S.A. 672p.
    McDonald, G. 2009. Bibliographia Nudibranchia. 2nd Online Edition, Annotated. 1072 pp  Institute of Marine Sciences, University of California, Santa Cruz. (http://escholarship.org/uc/item/8115h0wz).
    Moro, L., P. Wirtz, J. Ortea, and A. Cabrera. 2000. Cuatro nuevas especies anfiatlánticas del Orden Sacoglossa (Mollusca, Opisthobranchia).
    Moro, L., J. L. Martín Esquivel, M. J. Garrido Sanahuja, and I. Izquierdo Zamora. 2003. Lista de especies marinas de Canarias (algas, hongos, plantas y animales). Consejería de Política Territorial y Medio Ambiente del Gobierno de Canarias.
    Ortea, J. J., M. Caballer, L. Moro, and Espinosa. 2005. Elysia papillosa Verrill, 1901, Elysia patina Marcus, 1980 (Mollusca. Sacoglossa. Elysidae) dos nombres para cuatro especies. Vieraea, 33: 495-514.
    Oskars, T. R., P. Bouchet, and M. A. E. Malaquias. 2015. A new phylogeny of the Cephalaspidea (Gastropoda: Heterobranchia)based on expanded taxon sampling and gene markers. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 89 (2015) 130–150.
    Perrone, A. S. 1988. Morfologìa di una forma papillosa di Elysiidae cal Golfo di Taranto: Elysia sp (Opisthobranchia: Sacoglossa). Morphology Of A Papillated Form Of Elysiidae From The Gulf Of Taranto Italy Elysia-Sp Opisthobranchia Sacoglossa. Boll. Malacol. 24(9-12):179-186, 12 figs.
    Rudman W.B. et al. 1998. Elysia papillosa accessed through: Sea Slug Forum on 2014-12-14. (http://seaslugforum.net/showall/elyspapi).
    Verrill, A. E. 1901. Additions to the fauna of the Bermudas from the Yale expedition of 1901, with notes on other species. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences, 11: 15-62.
    Wirtz, P. 1999. Opisthobranch Molluscs from the archipelago of Madeira. Vita Marina. 46: 1–18.
    WoRMS Editorial Board. 2023. World Register of Marine Species. WoRMS. (http://www.marinespecies.org).

    Bibliography based on the works by Steve Long, 2006. Bibliography of Opisthobranchia 1554-2000 and Gary McDonald, 2009. Bibliographia Nudibranchia, with later updates from other resources.

Further reading

Cite this article as:

Ballesteros, M., Madrenas, E. & Pontes, M. (2023) "Elysia papillosa" in OPK-Opistobranquis. Published: 22/02/2015. Accessed: 02/12/2023. Available at (https://opistobranquis.info/en/?p=18492)

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