Catriona maua (Ev. Marcus & Er. Marcus, 1960)
Catriona maua @ Lake Worth Lagoon, Florida 23-09-2016 by Ariane DimitrisTaxonomy
Catriona maua Ev. Marcus & Er. Marcus, 1960
| ||Classification according to Bouchet et al. (2017)|
Taxonomic source: World Register of Marine Species (AphiaID: 141612).
Taxonomic note: The phylogenetic analyses performed by Cella et al. (2016) revealed that the traditional Tergipedidae family is polyphyletic and belongs to a larger monophyletic clade including members of the traditional families Eubranchidae, Fionidae and Calmidae; this was an unexpected result, since the validity of these taxa and their distinctness from the Tergipedidae was never questioned before. They proposed to join the families Tergipedidae, Eubranchidae, Calmidae and Fionidae under the name of Fionidae. Within Fionidae, obtained results demonstrated the need of developing a new classification as previous classifications (for instance, separating Catriona, Cuthona and Trinchesia as distinct taxa) were inconsistent with the resulting phylogeny. Analyses also recover a clade (Tenellia) that includes all members of the genera Tenellia, Trinchesia, Phestilla, Catriona and the majority of described and undescribed Cuthona species. New genera Rubramoena, Abronica and Tergiposacca are proposed to group other species. This molecular study also suggests that Fionidae is rich in cryptic species complexes, difficult to separate by traditional taxonomic characters, and a great previously undetected species diversity.Synonyms
A few months later Korshunova et al. (2017) take up the study of the phylogeny of the Tergipedidae and using not only molecular data but also morphological and ontogenetic data they severely criticise the work by Cella et al. (2016), proposing to reinstate the families Calmidae, Eubranchidae, Fionidae, Tergipedidae, Cuthonidae, Cuthonellidae and Trinchesiidae, the latter being the most abundant in specific taxa. They also reinstate the genera Catriona, Diaphoreolis, Phestilla and Trinchesia that in the paper by Cella et al. (2016) had been included in the genus Tenellia. Korshunova et al. also describe a new genus, Zelentia that includes Z. pustulata (type species Eolis pustulataAlder & Hancock, 1854), Z. fulgens (MacFarland, 1966) and a new species from the Barents Sea, Z. ninel, indicating important p-distances among the three species (between 10.49% and 13.83%). All previous genera, Korshunova et al. (2017) consider them within the family Trinchesiidae. They also question the validity of the Rubramoena genus of Cella et al.
The position of WoRMS is conservative, maintaining the families Cuthonidae, Calmidae, Cuthonellidae, Eubranchidae, Fionidae, Pseudovermidae, Tergipedidae and Trinchesiidae within the superfamily Fionoidea. The European species that, until recently, were considered as Cuthona, WoRMS considers them within the genus Trinchesia, as T.albopunctata, T.caerulea, T.foliata, T.genovae, T.granosa, T.ilonae, T.miniostriata and T.ocellata. Rubramoena is also considered a valid genus in WoRMS. These opinions are those that we accept in OPK while no other more conclusive data are available.
- Tenellia maua Ev. Marcus & Er. Marcus, 1960
This is a small aeolidacean, with a maximum reported size of 12mm. It has a translucent white or yellowish body with opaque white irregular patches. The head is narrow as in other species of the genus. The head tentacles are short, colored with opaque white and directed to the sides. Rhinophores are finger shaped, smooth and short, with the anterior side colored opaque white and a bright red or orange stripe on the posterior side of their base. The eyes are black. The anterior angles of the foot are rounded; the foot is not as broad as the body, and the tail is pointed. The club shaped cerata (wider above the middle) are numerous, there could be up to 11 rows of cerata on each side of the body, the most populated rows are 2 to 4, and the less populated are the ones closer to the tail. The cerata do not cover the anterior body region nor the tip of the tail. Anus and nephroproct are located close to the innermost cerata of the 5th right row, while the gonopore is between the first and the second right rows. The bright red oesophagus is visible by transparency, as are the brown and smooth diverticula of the digestive gland in the base of cerata.
It is generally found in shallow water (from 1 to 8 meters depth) on sponges or hydrozoan branches. Thompson (1980) collected this species in Jamaica from Pennaria hydrozoans, while Marín & Ros (1987) collected it on Ventromma halecioides in the Mediterranean. This species is more freqüent between November and January, and from April to June. The spawn is a one turn coil (Marcus & Marcus, 1960) or kidney shaped (Marín & Ros, 1987) with about 70 eggs of 100 microns of diameter. Hatching occurs after 16-17 days at 16ºC.
- Maua, of uncertain origin, seems related to cats.
Tenellia maua has an amphi-Atlantic distribution. It has been cited in the Western Atlantic at Miami, USA (Marcus & Marcus, 1960), Curaçao and Bonaire (Marcus & Marcus, 1963), Jamaica (Edmunds, 1964; Thompson, 1980), Barbados (Edmunds & Just, 1983) and Bahamas (Redfern, 2001). In the Eastern Atlantic it has been cited in Gran Canaria, Tenerife and La Gomera (Canary Islands by Ortea et al, 2002), Azores (Malaquias et al., 2009), Cape Verde (Ortea et al., 2002) and the Atlantic Southern coast of Spain (Cervera, unpublished data). In the Mediterranean it has been cited in the Gulf of Naples, Italy (Schmekel, 1968; Schmekel & Portmann, 1982) and in the Mar Menor, Murcia, Spain (Marín & Ros, 1987).
MonthThis chart displays the monthly observation probability for Catriona maua based on our own records.
Tenellia maua @ Lake Worth Lagoon, West Palm Beach, Florida, USA by Ariane Dimitris
Bibliography based on the works by Steve Long, 2006. Bibliography of Opisthobranchia 1554-2000 and Gary McDonald, 2009. Bibliographia Nudibranchia, with later updates from other resources.
Abbott, R. T. 1974. American seashells. The marine mollusca of the Atlantic and Pacific coast of North America. Van Nostrand, New York. 663 pp., 24 pls. [October 1974].
Ballesteros, M., E. Madrenas, and M. Pontes
. OPK - Opistobranquis. (https://opistobranquis.info/
Bedulli, D., R. Cattaneo-Vietti, R. Chemello, F. Ghisotti, and F. Giovine. 1995. Gastropoda Opisthobranchia, Divasibranchia, Gymnomorpha, Fascicolo 15, pp. 1-23. In: A. Minelli, A. Ruffo, & S. La Posta (Eds.). Checklist delle specie fauna italiana, Checklist delle specie della Fauna Italiana. Calderini, Bologna.
Behrens, D. W. 1984. Notes on the tergipedid nudibranchs of the northeastern Pacific, with a description of a new species. Veliger 27(1):65-71.
Cattaneo-Vietti, R., and G. Barletta. 1984. Elenco preliminare dei molluschi opistobranchi viventi nel Mediterraneo (Sacoglossa, Pleurobranchomorpha, Acochlidiacea, Aplysiomorpha, Nudibranchia). Bollettino Malacologico (Pubblicazione Mensile Edita dalla Societa Italiana di Malacologia) 20(9-12):195-218.
Cattaneo-Vietti, R., and T. E. Thompson. 1989. Mediterranean opisthobranch molluscs: a zoogeographic approach. Bollettino Malacologico (Pubblicazione Mensile Edita dalla Societa Italiana di Malacologia) 25(5-8):183-204.
Cattaneo-Vietti, R., R. Chemello, and R. Giannuzzi-Savelli. 1990. Atlante dei nudibranchi del Mediterraneo. La Conchiglia, Rome 264 pp, 14 pls. (104 clr. ill), line drawings.
Cella, K., L. Carmona, I. Ekimova, A. Chichvarkhin, D. Schepetov, and T. M. Gosliner. 2016. A Radical Solution: The Phylogeny of the Nudibranch Family Fionidae. PLoS ONE 12/2016; 11(12):e0167800.
Cervera, J. L., G. Calado, C. Gavaia, M. A. E. Malaquías, J. Templado, M. Ballesteros, J. C. García-Gómez, and C. Megina. 2004. An annotated and updated checklist of the opisthobranchs (Mollusca: Gastropoda) from Spain and Portugal (including islands and archipelagos). Boletín Instituto Español de Oceanografía, 20 (1-4): 1-111. L.
Edmunds, M. 1964. Eolid Mollusca from Jamaica, with the description of two new genera and three new species. Bulletin of Marine Science of the Gulf and Caribbean 14 (1): 1-32.
Edmunds, M. 1968. Eolid Mollusca from Ghana, with further details of west Atlantic species. Bulletin of Marine Science 18(1):203-219.
Edmunds, M. 1966. Protective mechanisms in the Eolidacea (Mollusca, Nudibranchia). Journal of the Linnean Society (Zoology) 46(308):27-71, pls. 1-4.
Edmunds, M. 1977. Larval development, oceanic currents, and origins of the Opisthobranch fauna of Ghana. Journal of Molluscan studies 43:301-308.
Edmunds, M., and H. Just. 1983. Eolid nudibranchiate mollusca from Barbados. Journal of Molluscan Studies 49 (3): 185-203.
Flanders Marine Institute
. Maritime Boundaries Geodatabase: Territorial Seas. Maritime Boundaries Geodatabase. (http://www.marineregions.org/
Frank, B. et al. 1998
. Catriona maua accessed through: JaxShells.org on 2014-12-14. (http://www.jaxshells.org/maua.htm
Garcia, F. J., and H. Bertsch. 2009. Diversity and distribution of the Gastropoda Opisthobranchia from the Atlantic Ocean: A global biogeographic approach. Scientia Marina. 73: 153–160.
Korshunova, T., A. V. Martynov, and B. E. Picton. 2017. Ontogeny as an important part of integrative taxonomy in tergipedid aeolidaceans (Gastropoda: Nudibranchai) with a description of a new genus and species from the Barents Sea. Zootaxa 4324 (1): 1-22.
Long, S. J. 2006. Bibliography of Opisthobranchia 1554-2000. Bayside Books & Press, Tustin, CA, U.S.A. 672p.
Malaquias, M., G. Calado, V. Padula, G. Villani, and J. L. Cervera. 2009. Molluscan diversity in the North Atlantic Ocean: new records of opisthobranch gastropods from the Archipelago of the Azores. Marine Biodiversity. 2: e38.
Marcus, E. G. 1965. Some Opisthobranchia from Micronesia. Malacologia 3(2):263-286.
Marcus, E. d. B. R. 1977. An annotated checklist of the western Atlantic warm water opisthobranchs. J. Molluscan Stud., Suppl 4:1-23.
Marcus, E. d. B. R. 1987. Selected recollections from my life. American Malacological Bulletin 5(2):183-184.
Marcus, E., and E. Marcus. 1960. Opisthobranchs from American Atlantic warm waters. Bull. Mar. Sci. 10(2):129-203.
Marcus, E. d. B. R., and E. G. Marcus. 1963. Opisthobranchs from the Lesser Antilles. Studies on the Fauna of Curacao and other Caribbean Islands 19(79):1-76.
Marcus, E. G., and E. d. B. R. Marcus. 1970. Opisthobranchs from Curacao and faunistically related regions. Studies on the fauna of Curacao and other Caribbean Islands 33(122):1-129; 160 figs.
Marín, A., and J. Ros. 1987. Catálogo preliminar de los gasterópodos marinos del sudeste español. Iberus 7 (1): 137-145.
McDonald, G. 2009
. Bibliographia Nudibranchia. 2nd Online Edition, Annotated. 1072 pp Institute of Marine Sciences, University of California, Santa Cruz. (http://escholarship.org/uc/item/8115h0wz
Moro, L., J. L. Martín Esquivel, M. J. Garrido Sanahuja, and I. Izquierdo Zamora. 2003. Lista de especies marinas de Canarias (algas, hongos, plantas y animales). Consejería de Política Territorial y Medio Ambiente del Gobierno de Canarias.
Ortea, J., M. Caballer, and L. Moro. 2002b. El género Catriona Winckworth, 1941 (Mollusca: Nudibranchiata) en las islas de Cabo Verde. Revista de la Academia Canaria de Ciencias 13 (4): 133-140.
Sabelli, B., R. Gianuzzi-Savelli, and D. Bedulli. 1990. Catalogo annotato dei Molluschi marini del Mediterraneo. Libreria Naturalistica Bolognese. Bologna, Italy: 348 pp.
Schmekel, L. 1968. Vier neue Cuthonidae aus dem Mittelmeer (Gastropoda:Nudibranchia): Trinchesia albopunctata n. sp., Trinchesia miniostriata n. sp., Trinchesia ilonae n. sp. und Catriona maua Marcus & Marcus, 1960. Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli 36: 437-457.
Schmekel, L., and A. Portmann. 1982. Opisthobranchia des Mittelmeeres, Nudibranchia und Saccoglossa. Fauna e Flora del Golfo Napoli. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Templado, J., and R. Villanueva. 2010. Checklist of Phylum Mollusca. pp. 148-198 In Coll, M., et al., 2010. The biodiversity of the Mediterranean Sea: estimates, patterns, and threats. PLoS ONE 5(8):36pp.
Thompson, T. E. 1980. Jamaican opisthobranch molluscs II. J. Molluscan Stud. 46(1):74-99.
Trainito, E., and M. Doneddu. 2014. Nudibranchi del Mediterraneo, 2a. ed. Il Castello.
Turgeon, D., J. F. Quinn, A. E. Bogan, E. V. Coan, F. G. Hochberg, W. G. Lyons, P. M. Mikkelsen, R. J. Neves, C. F. E. Roper, G. Rosenberg, B. Roth, A. Scheltema, F. G. Thompson, M. Vecchione, and J. D. Williams. 1998. Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: mollusks. 2nd ed. American Fisheries Society Special Publication, 26.
Valdés, A., J. Hamann, D. W. Behrens, and A. DuPont. 2006. Caribbean sea slugs: a field guide to the opisthobranch mollusks from the tropical northwestern Atlantic. Washington: Sea Challengers Natural History Books. 289 pp.
Wägele, H., and G. Johnsen. 2001. Observations on the histology and photosynthetic performance of “solar-powered” opisthobranchs (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Opisthobranchia) containing symbiotic chloroplasts or zooxanthellae. Organisms Diversity & Evolution. 1: 193–210.
Williams, G. C., and T. M. Gosliner. 1979. Two new species of nudibranchiate molluscs from the west coast of North America, with a revision of the family Cuthonidae. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 67:203-223.
WoRMS Editorial Board
. World Register of Marine Species. World Register of Marine Species. (http://www.marinespecies.org
Cite this article as:
Ballesteros, Manuel, Enric Madrenas, Miquel PontesIn order to copy this cite or text fragments you must be a registered user.
(2012-2019) "Catriona maua"
, Published: 16/05/2016, Accessed: 16/11/2019 at (https://opistobranquis.info/en/ZEgee