Anteaeolidiella lurana

Anteaeolidiella lurana (Marcus & Marcus, 1967)

Anteaeolidiella lurana by Guido Villani










































Anteaeolidiella lurana  (Ev. Marcus & Er. Marcus, 1967)

 Classification according to Bouchet et al. (2017)
Taxonomic source: World Register of Marine Species (AphiaID: 730437).
Taxonomic note: This species is classified in many web sites as Anteaeolidiella cacaotica Stimpson, 1855 o any of its synonyms (Aeolidiella bassethulli Risbec, 1928; Aeolidiella hulli Risbec, 1928; Aeolis cacaotica Stimpson, 1855; Aeolis foulisi Angas, 1864; Anteaeolidiella foulisi (Angas, 1864)). However, this species is described for Australia and Japan. For the Mediterranean this is A. lurana (Marcus & Marcus, 1967). Reference: Carmona et al. 2013. A tale that morphology fails to tell: A molecular phylogeny of Aeolidiidae (Aeolidida, Nudibranchia, Gastropoda).

Genetic populations of genus Anteaeolidiella

Genetic populations of genus Anteaeolidiella


  • Aeolidiella lurana Marcus & Marcus, 1967 (original)

It can reach up to 12 mm in total length. Body is translucent white with orange markings and lines on the head, back and sides of the body. The two orange lines on the back join at intervals, leaving opaque white areas similar to diamonds. Oral tentacles and rhinophores are orange with a whitish distal end. The rhinophores are smooth. Numerous cerata (up to 20 rows) cover all the back of the animal from just behind the rhinophores to the tail, the different groups are so packed they cannot be differentiated easily. The cerata are narrow in the base and thickened in their middle zone; the digestive gland inside is orange, the apex is white and there is usually a whitish subapical band.

Very little is known about the biology of this species. In the Mediterranean it has been found on anemones of the genus Sagartia. The spawn is a semi-transparent cord with white eggs wound forming a coil of about 2 turns.


  • Anteaeolidiella. From “ante”, anterior, before + Aeolidiella.
  • Aeolidiella. From god “Eolus”, because of the winged projections of his body.

It is an amphiatlantic species that after its description on the coast of Brazil has been mentioned (under various specific names) in the Caribbean, the Bermuda, the Canary Islands, the Iberian Peninsula, the Mediterranean Sea and Australia. In Spain it has been reported only from the Valencia harbour and in Catalonia, where it has recently been located in the outer lagoon of the harbour of Sant Carles de la Ràpita (Tarragona). This species that has been reported under the names of: Aeolidiella takanosimensis, A. indica, A. stephaniae and Anteaeolidiella foulisi. Carmona et al. (2014) clarified the differences between the species of the genus Anteaeolidiella by using molecular and morphological analysis.

Known georeferenced records of the species: Anteaeolidiella lurana
: GROC 2010-2011
: Enric Madrenas
: João Pedro Silva
: Bernard Picton
: Manuel Ballesteros.
: M@re Nostrum
: Altres fonts
: Marine Regions

Similar species
Dondice banyulensis has an orange coloured body with white lines, but without diamond shaped marks. Rhinophores are long and thin.


    Western Mediterranean: ★☆☆☆☆
    Eastern Mediterranean: ★☆☆☆☆
    Atlantic Ocean: ★☆☆☆☆

This chart displays the monthly observation probability for Anteaeolidiella lurana based on our own records.

More pictures


    Ballesteros M, Pontes M, Madrenas E. 2019. Els nudibranquis del mar català. Figueres: Brau Edicions. 192 p.
    Ballesteros M, Madrenas E, Pontes M. 2024. OPK - Opistobranquis. Available from
    Caballer M, Ortea J, Rivero N, et al. 2015. The opisthobranch gastropods (Mollusca: Heterobranchia) from Venezuela: an annotated and illustrated inventory of species. Zootaxa 4034 (2): 201–256.
    Carmona L, Bhave V, Salunkhe R, et al. 2014. Systematic review of Anteaeolidiella (Mollusca, Nudibranchia, Aeolidiidae) based on morphological and molecular data, with a description of three new species. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 171: 108–132.
    Carmona L, Pola M, Gosliner TM, et al. 2013. A tale that morphology fails to tell: A molecular phylogeny of Aeolidiidae (Aeolidida, Nudibranchia, Gastropoda). PLoS ONE 8(5): e63000. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0063000.
    Goodheart JA, Ellingson RA, Vital XG, et al. 2016. Identification guide to the heterobranch sea slugs (Mollusca: Gastropoda) from Bocas del Toro, Panama. Marine Biodiversity Records. 9(1):56.
    Long SJ. 2006. Bibliography of Opisthobranchia 1554-2000. Bayside Books & Press, Tustin, CA, U.S.A. 672p.
    Marcus E d. BR, Marcus EG. 1967. American opisthobranch mollusks Part I, Tropical American opisthobranchs. Studies in Tropical Oceanography, Miami 6(1-2):vii + 1-256, 1 pl.
    McDonald G. 2009. Bibliographia Nudibranchia. 2nd Online Edition, Annotated. 1072 pp  Institute of Marine Sciences, University of California, Santa Cruz. Available from
    Ortea J, Moro L. 2017. Nuevas citas y nuevos datos sobre las lesmas do mar (Mollusca: Heterobranchia) de las islas de Cabo Verde, con el restablecimiento de Tritonia pallescens (Eliot, 1906). Avicennia. 21:1–10.
    Trainito E, Doneddu M. 2014. Nudibranchi del Mediterraneo. 2nd. Il Castello. 192 p.
    WoRMS Editorial Board. 2023. World Register of Marine Species. WoRMS. Available from

    Bibliography based on the works by Steve Long, 2006. Bibliography of Opisthobranchia 1554-2000 and Gary McDonald, 2009. Bibliographia Nudibranchia, with later updates from other resources.

Further reading

Cite this article as:

Ballesteros, M., Madrenas, E. & Pontes, M. (2023) "Anteaeolidiella lurana" in OPK-Opistobranquis. Published: 11/09/2014. Accessed: 25/05/2024. Available at (

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